$hile: CAM Claims Several Sabotage Actions in Occupied Mapuche Territory

CAÑETE: Atentado Incendiario a Camion Grua Maquinaria Fundo Choque
April 29th, 2016/CAÑETE 

CAM Communique

The various Groups of Territorial Resistance (Órganos de Resistencia Territorial – ORT) of the Arauco Malleco Coordinator of Communities in Conflict (CAM), communicate the following to our Mapuche Nation and public opinion:

Kiñe: We claim, as Lafkenche Leftraru ORT-CAM, our action of sabotage carried out this past April 29th against a tow truck, which was inside the Choque estate guarded by police.

Epu: We claim, as Wenteche Matías Catrileo ORT-CAM, our action of sabotage carried out on the night of Saturday, May 28th, against an employer house, its infrastructure and a storehouse in the area of Pillanlebun, township of Lautaro. This action is part of the territorial process of reclamation and compromise for the reconstruction of our nation, and the definitive expulsion of large landed estate lords in Wallmapu. We clarify that our actions are not directed against the houses of small farm owners or poor families. It is directed against large landed estate owners and transnational corporations that attempt to perpetuate their colonial neoliberal model on these lands.

Kula: We claim, as Williche Kalfulikan ORT-CAM, our action of sabotage carried out on Sunday, June 5th in the early morning hours, against a logging campsite that serves as lodging for workers of Arauco Forestry Inc., located in the area of Las Trancas, township of La Unión.

Meli: Lastly, we would like to sustain that these actions are framed in our compromise and constant process of resistance and sabotage, continuing our struggle for autonomy and territory, which seeks to create the basis for Mapuche national liberation.

Oust the Estate Owners from Wallmapu

Oust the Forestry industry, Hydroelectric Companies and all Capitalist Investment from Mapuche Territory!

Towards National Mapuche Liberation!

WEUWAIÑ!

ORT – Arauco Malleco Mapuche Communities in Conflict – CAM.

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

 

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11 Mapuche arrested for Luchsinger-Mackey Case, Lissette Melillan: “The [Chilean] Government uses the Police to Guard Cows”

11 Mapuche arrested for Luchsinger-Mackey Case

Machi
Call to action in Wallmapu in solidarity with Machi (Medicine Healer) Francisca Linconao in front of Temuco Prison, where she and other Mapuche Political Prisoners are being held.

On March 30th, 2016, 11 Mapuche community members were arrested and charged with alleged involvement in the incendiary attack that provoked the death of the Luchsinger Mackay couple in 2013.

The mass arrest was carried out by an enormous police operative of special forces (PDI). More than 100 detectives participated in the arrests, wherein 20 homes were raided in the area of Lumahue in the early mourning hours.

The 11 detained, including Machi [Medicine Healer) Franscisca Linconao, were transferred to police headquarters of Temuco and charged with terrorist arson resulting in death. The undersecretary of the Interior Ministry would announce the charges as being terrorist in nature, and would be the fifth time the Chilean Executive branch under Michelle Bachelet would have implemented terrorist related charges in cases related to Mapuche land claims.

The question of due process, however, is highlighted in the contradictory testimony of Mapuche community member, Jose Peralino, who publicly refuted his earlier testimony against the other accused on their alleged participation in the arson attack of 2013. Peralino alleges that he was subject to intimidation and torture at the hands of Chilean police, and therefore, his testimony held no validity in a court of law.

Family members of the Mapuche community members are demanding the immediate release of the Mapuche Political Prisoners, as well as an end to the application of the Anti-Terrorist Law, and the continued mobilization of Mapuche communities. The only other conviction of a Mapuche community member in relation to the Luchsinger Mackay case was in the case of Machi (Medicine Healer) Celestino Cordova, who was sentenced to 40 years in prison under the charge of terrorist arson resulting in death.

The following is an interview to the spokesperson of the Mapuche Political Prisoners charged under the Luchsinger- Mackay case, Lissette Melillan.

With files from El Mostrador

WCCC [Toronto]

*** Continue reading “11 Mapuche arrested for Luchsinger-Mackey Case, Lissette Melillan: “The [Chilean] Government uses the Police to Guard Cows””

Mapuche Resistance Group, Weichan Auka Mapu, Claims more than 30 Sabotage Attacks

Simbolo_weichan_auka_mapu-696x431Mapuche Resistance Group, Weichan Auka Mapu, Claims more than 30 Sabotage Attacks

The group “Weichan Auka Mapu, the Struggle in Rebellious Territory” reached out to País Mapuche in an email clarifying its position unto the current phase of the Mapuche-Chilean Conflict.

In their statement, they explain their political position. Further, they defend armed struggle, claiming more than thirty actions of sabotage in Williche, Wenteche and Lafquenche territory. The actions are claimed through their symbol, a Kultrún with an arrow and a hunting rifle. At the end of the communique, the actions that have affected the Chilean Catholic Church are clarified and also claimed.

The original communique is presented in the following:

Continue reading “Mapuche Resistance Group, Weichan Auka Mapu, Claims more than 30 Sabotage Attacks”

The 4th Annual Toronto Mapuche Solidarity Film Festival

 

4th Toronto Mapuche Solidarity Film FestivalIn memory of our Mapuche WEICHAFE [WARRIORS] MATIAS CATRILEO & ALEX LEMUN, & the many others (indigenous and non-indigenous) who have been murdered by the repressive forces of the Chilean State.

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 26th & SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27th

OISE – 252 Bloor Street West

*ALL NON-ENGLISH LANGUAGE FILMS WITH ENGLISH SUBTITLES*

Suggested donation $10 per day at the door (No one turned away for lack of funds)

Facebook event: https://www.facebook.com/events/1536686799993450/

Speakers TBA!

Organized by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto] An OPIRG Toronto Action Group

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OPENING NIGHT: FRIDAY, FEB 26th (OISE Rm 4414)

6PM – Sewatokwa’tshera’t: The Dish with One Spoon, Six Nations/Turtle Island, 2008 (82 minutes).

Commemorating 10th anniversary since the Six Nations Reclamation of Kanonhstaton, WCCC [Toronto] proudly presents the screening of Sewatokwa’tshera’t: The Dish with One Spoon. We wish the most profound NEWEN to our Haudenosaunee sisters and brothers in the ongoing struggle against colonial encroachment.

We have the honour of having SPEAKERS from Six Nations of the Grand River Territory:

Janie Jameson, one of the founders of the Six Nations Reclamation site, Kanonhstaton, the protected place. 

Dr. Dawn Martin-Hill, Associate Professor at McMaster University and director of the film Sewatokwa’tshera’t: The Dish with One Spoon.

Outlining the intricate history of the Haudenosaunee Peoples, Dr. Dawn Martin-Hill depicts the process of indigenous self-governance, colonial displacement and resistance to ongoing encroachment in the film, Sewatokwa’tshera’t: The Dish with One Spoon. Culminating in the 2006 reclamation of the Douglas Creek Estates subdivision – Kanonhstaton (“the protected place”) – the film explores the development of Haudenosaunee nation to nation treaties with the Dutch and English Crowns, and the succeeding encroachment of the Canadian State on Six Nations land. The film features an intimate view into the events of the Six Nations Reclamation, including the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) raid on April 20th 2006, and neighbouring settler backlash/racism. The resilience of a community reflected in its youth, is seen through the Unity Run and Youth Declaration to the UN Assembly in 2007, following in the footsteps of Deskaheh for the next seven generations.

7:30PM – NGÜENÉN: The Deceit [El Engaño), Wallmapu, 2012 (81 minutes)

A documentary made by the directors of “El Despojo” (The Plunder) focusing on the international political dynamics of the “War on Terror,” and the counterintelligence strategies used to criminalize the Mapuche struggle for Autonomy and Territorial Reclamation. Lies and deceit are as old as war itself. The objective of these intelligence actions called “Psychological Operations” (or PsyOps) is to destroy the morale of the enemy and assure the approval of the population through propaganda, misinformation, manipulation, the fabrication of news, omission, decontextualization (etc). Everything to allow for a SETUP, since “to convince is to overcome.” Chilean Prosecutor, Mario Elgueta, whom was the alleged victim of an annihilating attack in southern Chile, was also a student in an FBI and CSIS antiterrorist course in Virginia USA. Later, the events became grounds for 17 Mapuche land defenders to face trial under the Antiterrorist Law, at first risking a total of up to 800 years in prison. Four bicentennials on the backs of those who oppose the arrogance of the Chilean State. A must see film on the ongoing criminalization of the indigenous Mapuche struggle.

9PM – Trick or Treaty, Turtle Island, 2014 (84 minutes).

This feature documentary by acclaimed filmmaker Alanis Obomsawin (Kanehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance) profiles Indigenous leaders in their quest for justice as they seek to establish dialogue with the Canadian government. By tracing the history of their ancestors since the signing of Treaty No. 9, these leaders aim to raise awareness about issues vital to First Nations in Canada: respect for and protection of their lands and their natural resources, and the right to hunt and fish so that their societies can prosper. In recent years, an awareness-raising movement has been surfacing in First Nations communities. In this powerful documentary, those who refuse to surrender are given a chance to speak out.

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SATURDAY, FEB 27th – OISE Rm 2211

3:30PM – Born in Gaza, Palestine, 2014 (78 minutes).

This Spanish documentary, shot in 2014, examines the effects of the Israel-Palestine conflict on Palestinian children. In July 2014, images of an air strike on a Gaza beach which killed four soccer-playing youngsters went global, prompting Spanish director Hernan Zin to fly in and shoot a documentary about the plight of Palestine’s children. The result is Born in Gaza, an inevitably powerful and depressing record of man’s inhumanity to its own offspring whose primary virtue is in retelling a story which constantly needs to be retold.

5PM – State of Siege, Uruguay/France, 1972 (121 minutes)

Costa-Gavras puts the United States’ involvement in Latin American politics under the microscope in this arresting thriller. An urban guerrilla group, outraged at the counterinsurgency and torture training clandestinely organized by the CIA in their country (unnamed in the film), abducts a U.S. official (Yves Montand) to bargain for the release of political prisoners; soon the kidnapping becomes a media sensation, leading to violence. Co-written by Franco Solinas, the electrifying State of Siege piercingly critiques the American government for supporting foreign dictatorships, while also asking difficult questions about the efficacy of radical violent acts to oppose such regimes.

6:30PM – Lucio, Spain/France, 2007 (93 minutes).

“The banks are the real crooks,” says Lucio Urtubia decisively. “They exploit you, take your money and cause all the wars.” Directed by Aitor Arregi and Jose Mari Goenaga, Lucio is an engaging portrait of the anarchist Lucio Urtubia, born in Northern Spain in 1931, and who deserted from the Spanish army during his military service, going on to work as a tiler in Paris, where he immersed himself in the world of the Spanish exiles. Rapidly inter-cut archive images, interview fragments and reconstructed impressions are used to look back on his incredible life. A meeting with the legendary Quico Sabaté (1915-1960) put Lucio on the anarchist path, whereby his talents as a forger of identity papers and currency came in particularly useful. His real anarchist nature is revealed in his highly particular, carelessly expressed visions of phenomena such as Franco, Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, the Black Panthers, May 1968 and the institution of marriage. Bringing the most powerful bank in the world to its knees, Lucio is a gripping story of how a working class brick layer can forge solidarity beyond sectarian lines for the liberation of peoples across the world.

8:30PM – A Good Day to Die, Turtle Island, 2010 (90 minutes)

Dennis Banks co-founded the American Indian Movement (A.I.M.) in 1968 to call attention to the plight of urban Indians in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The film presents an intimate look at Dennis Banks’ life beginning with his early experience in boarding schools, through his military service in Japan, his transformative experience in Stillwater State Prison and subsequent founding of a movement that, through confrontational actions in Washington DC, Custer South Dakota and Wounded Knee, changed the lives of American Indians forever.

CAM: “Our Struggle will Give Continuity to National Reconstruction in Wallmapu, to Expulse Capitalism Definitively”

Conflicto mapuchePublic Communique (Castellano Abajo)

The Coordinator of Mapuche Communities in Conflict (CAM) communicate the following to our Mapuche Nation and public opinion:

Kiñe: A land reclamation process has begun in the Choque Estate in the area of Paillaco, province of Arauco this past December 19th, encompassing more than 10,000 hectares of land that are currently in the hands of Mininco Forestry Incorporate. This territorial reclamation process has been carried out by our organization, which will take on a productive character as well as incorporate territorial, cultural, spiritual, and political aspects of Mapuche cosmology. This includes the dismantling of artificial forests, and preparation of farm work.  At the same time, these actions enable the ngellatuwe and paliwe, continuing our path towards autonomy and national Mapuche liberation in response to continuous usurpation and repression, as well as demonstrating our political, ideological, cultural responsibilities as Mapuche Peoples.

Epu: We will assume resistance as an integral action, respecting our Mapuche normative ethics, referring to our Mapuche laws (Mapu Ka Ad Mogen), defense (Introfil Mongen), and principles (feyentun) as people with norms and values (Pu Noche). We are therefore recomposing the respect to our traditional authorities, ways of life, relations and mode of production for survival.

Kula: This action, under the framework of national reconstruction based on territorial control, intends to deepen aspects that are being abandoned by other expressions of the Mapuche movement and their communities. We state this conscientiously, since there have been reclamation processes that have focused on the mercantile production, centering solely on the commercialization of wood. This is problematically linked to extractive processes, creating vital contradictions with our worldview as Mapuche autonomists, deviating the movement. It is for this reason that we should situate productive occupations with a focus on sustainability, integrity and coherence with our Mapuche cosmology.

Meli: Our compromise with the struggle will give continuity to national reconstruction from a socio-political perspective, in which we confront the advances of Capitalism in Wallmapu in order to expulse it definitively. Particularly, against forestry companies and mega hydroelectric projects as well as against the Chilean State through its various military operations. Therefore, the Groups of Territorial Resistance (ORT) of our organization will continue the actions of sabotage on ancient Mapuche territory.

Keechu: Therefore, it is our duty as the CAM is to sharpen and strengthen our political and territorial autonomy as a nation, through the consolidation of our own process of self-affirmation, action and direct struggle. In this way, resisting any form of subjugation, which strengthen contradictions and antagonisms, assuming the challenges of the struggle with dignity, while distancing ourselves from State intervention and market logic.

Kayu: We call on our Nation to define a proposal for resistance, territorial reclamation and national composition, which should not include those that promote greater divisions and confrontation between our people and communities. We speak of struggles that do not fall into mobster-like deviations, sects and paramilitary expressions, which generate actions that contradict our perspective of political action. These include the theft of lumber and animals between our own people, or armed actions and harassment against poor [non-Mapuche] peasants. The rectification of these actions is also our responsibility in order to reconstruct our Mapuche nation.

Regle: Lastly, in the days leading up to new commemoration of the murder of Weichafe [Warrior] Matias Catrileo, we remember our Peñi [Brother] by stating that the best homage we can pay is to continue the resistance struggle.

OUST THE FORESTRY COMPANIES AND ALL CAPITALIST INVESTMENT IN MAPUCHE TERRITORY!

TOWARDS NATIONAL LIBERATION!

WEUWAIÑ!!

December, 2015

Arauco Malleco Coordinator of Mapuche Communities in Conflict (CAM)

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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COMUNICADO

La Coordinadora de Comunidades en Conflicto Arauco Malleco (CAM) comunican a nuestro Pueblo Nación Mapuche y a la opinión pública lo siguiente:

Kiñe.- Que el pasado sábado 19 de diciembre se ha dado inicio a un proceso de recuperación en el Fundo Choque sector Paillaco, provincia de Arauco, el cual consta de más de 10.000 hectáreas, y que hoy se encuentra en manos de la empresa Forestal Mininco. Este proceso de recuperación territorial será asumido por nuestra organización, en donde las acciones principales serán de carácter productivo y la perspectiva de recuperación no será tan solo territorial, sino también cultural, espiritual y política. Acompañado de trabajos de desmonte, limpieza para chacras, lo que incluye roces. A su vez, la habilitación de ngellatuwe y paliwe, dando continuidad así, a nuestro camino hacia la autonomía y la liberación nacional mapuche, como respuesta frente a la usurpación, la represión y nuestra responsabilidad política, ideológica y cultural como mapuche.     

Epu.- Asumiremos nuestra resistencia desde una acción integral y respetando nuestra normativa y ética como mapuche, referido a nuestro ad mapu ka ad mogen y la defensa de nuestro introfil mongen, considerando nuestros principios y feyentun, entendiéndonos como personas con valores y normas, pu norche. Recomponiendo el respeto que se debe a nuestras autoridades ancestrales, perspectiva de vida, relaciones y modelo de producción de subsistencia.    

Kula.-  Que esta acción, enmarcada en nuestra reconstrucción nacional basada en el control territorial, intenta profundizar aspectos que están siendo abandonados por otras expresiones del movimiento mapuche y comunidades, y esto lo decimos con mucha responsabilidad, debido a que se llevan procesos con un enfoque o tendencia productiva mercantil, centrado solo en el madereo y su comercialización. Lo que se encuentra profundamente relacionado al modelo extractivita, lo que genera contradicciones vitales con nuestro quehacer como mapuche autonomistas, desperfilando así el movimiento. Es por lo anterior que debemos situar las ocupaciones productivas con un enfoque de mayor sustentabilidad, integralidad y  coherencia con nuestra concepción como mapuche.     

Meli.- Que nuestro compromiso de lucha dará continuidad a la reconstrucción nacional desde una perspectiva socio-política, en donde confrontaremos los avances del capitalismo en wallmapu, para lograr su  expulsión definitiva. Particularmente en contra de las empresas forestales y megacentrales hidroeléctricas, también en contra del  estado chileno, a través de operaciones militares, por tanto, los Órganos de Resistencia Territorial (ORT) de nuestra organización, seguirán con las acciones de sabotaje en territorio ancestral mapuche.

Kechu.- Por tanto nuestro deber, como CAM, es afianzar y fortalecer nuestra autonomía política y territorial como nación, a través de la consolidación de un proceso propio de autoafirmación, acción y lucha frontal, resistiendo cualquier forma de sometimiento, profundizando las contradicciones y antagonismos, asumiendo con dignidad los desafíos de esta lucha, tomando también distancia de la intervención del Estado chileno y a la lógica empresarial.

Kayu: Hacemos un llamado a nuestro pueblo nación a definir una propuesta de resistencia, recuperación territorial y recomposición nacionalitaría. Propuestas que no debieran incluir acciones que tiendan a generar mayores divisiones y confrontación entre nuestra gente y comunidades. Hablamos de expresiones de luchas sin caer en desviaciones que impliquen actitudes mafiosas , sectas y expresiones paramilitares, que generen  actos que riñen con nuestra perspectiva de la acción política, como por ejemplo; el robo de madera y animales a nuestra propia gente, o acciones armadas y de amedrentamiento a campesinos pobres. La rectificación de aquello, también constituye un deber para la reconstrucción nacional mapuche.

Regle: Por último queremos, a días de una nueva conmemoración del asesinato de nuestro weichafe Matías Catrileo, recordar a nuestro peñi y plantear que el mayor homenaje que podemos realizar es continuar con nuestra lucha de resistencia.     

 

FUERA LAS FORESTALES Y TODA INVERSIÓN CAPITALISTA DEL TERRITORIO MAPUCHE

HACIA LA LIBERACIÓN NACIONAL ¡¡WEWAIÑ!!

 

Coordinadora de Comunidades en Conflicto Arauco Malleco, CAM.

 

 

Mapuche Territorial Resistance Group of the CAM claim responsibility for Sabotage (See Spanish Below)

 

 

(See Spanish below| Ver Castellano Abajo)

foto_0000000120150910232723The Mapuche Territorial Resistance Group Lafkenche Laftraru of the Arauco Malleco Coordinator of Communities in Conflict (CAM) communicate the following to the Mapuche Nation and public opinion:

Kiñe: We claim responsibility for the sabotage against the logging machinery and equipment owned by subcontractors of Mininco Forestry Incorporate within the Estate of Choque, where there was heavy police presence that we confronted.

Epu: The action was carried out in the framework of the just and ancient territorial reclamation by the Choque and Miquihue communities, which have historically taken place in the area. This process of ancient territorial land reclamation incorporates the “El Canelo,” “Puntilla de Ranaquepe,” and “Fundo Choque” estates.

Kula: This action is one of many diverse actions of resistance that the ORT CAM have engaged. We have and will continue to take on national reconstruction and territorial control, fundamental pillars of our Mapuche national liberation project and unrestricted right to rebel against ongoing usurpation and repression.

Meli: Moreover, this action is in response to our permanent compromise in confronting the Capitalist expansion on Mapuche Territory and towards its definitive expulsion. Particularly, against forestry companies and the Chilean State, which grotesquely strengthen this depraving extractive model, through laws such as No 701.

Kechu: Therefore, within this context is our responsibility as ORT CAM to consolidate our political and territorial autonomy as a Nation, through the strengthening of our own processes of self-affirmation and action. In this way ending any type of subordination, dignifying our struggle with political military actions, which allow us to continue our resistance for national liberation. We will continue our struggle unto the depredation and domination.

OUST THE LOGGING COMPANIES & ALL CAPITALIST INVESTMENT IN MAPUCHE TERRITORY!

Territorial Resistance Groups (ORT)
Arauco Malleco Coordinator of Communities in Conflict (CAM)

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]
https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

_____________________________________________

COMUNICADO ORT Lafkenche Laftraru CAM‏

COMUNICADO

            El Órgano de Resistencia Territorial (ORT) Lafkenche Laftraru  de la Coordinadora de Comunidades en Conflicto Arauco Malleco (CAM) comunican a nuestro Pueblo Nación Mapuche y a la opinión pública lo siguiente:

Kiñe.- Que reivindicamos la acción de sabotaje realizada en contra de las faenas, instalaciones y maquinaria forestal de la empresa subcontratista que presta servicios a la forestal Mininco al interior del fundo Choque, y que se encontraba con resguardo policial, con los cuales nuestras fuerzas de resistencia sostuvieron un duro enfrentamiento.

Epu.- Esta acción se enmarca en el justo proceso de lucha y reivindicación del territorio ancestral que las comunidades de Choque y Miquihue históricamente han realizado, sumando en este proceso de recuperación y control territorial a los fundos “El Canelo” y “Puntilla de Tranaquepe”, el “Fundo Choque”.

Kula.-  Que esta acción se suma a las diversas acciones de resistencia que como ORT CAM hemos asumido y asumiremos en el marco de nuestra reconstrucción nacional y control territorial, ejes fundamentales de nuestro proyecto de liberación nacional mapuche y  derecho irrestricto a rebelarnos frente a la usurpación y represión.

Meli.- Que esta acción es respuesta, además, a nuestro permanente compromiso de confrontar los avances del capitalismo en territorio mapuche y su expulsión definitiva, particularmente en contra de las empresas forestales y al estado chileno, que de manera grosera fortalece este modelo extractivista y depredador a través, por ejemplo, de la prórroga del decreto 701.

Kechu.- Por tanto en este escenario es nuestro deber, como ORT-CAM, consolidar nuestra autonomía política y territorial como nación, a través del fortalecimiento de nuestro propio proceso de autoafirmación y acción, poniendo fin a cualquier tipo de subordinación, dignificando nuestra lucha con acciones política-militares que nos permitan dan continuidad a nuestra resistencia para lograr nuestra liberación nacional. Ante la depredación y dominación, continuaremos con nuestra lucha.

FUERA LAS FORESTALES Y TODA INVERSIÓN CAPITALISTA DEL TERRITORIO MAPUCHE

¡¡WEWAIÑ!!

ORT Lafkenche Laftraru

Coordinadora de Comunidades en Conflicto Arauco Malleco, CAM.

Riots errupt as racist Chilean Trucker Association march arrives at Presidential Palace in Santiago

2171934The march led by Jorge Luchsinger Junior, estate owner and son of slain occupying settlers Jorge Luchsinger and Miriam Mackay, arrived at Santiago’s Presidential Palace at 9pm in protest of arson attacks carried out on logging transport equipment by Mapuche land defenders.
A caravan of 13 trucks traveled from Wallmapu, occupied Mapuche Territory, to the Chilean capital, carrying the machines that had been set ablaze in the region. The increase of ongoing State repression and criminalization of Mapuche communities in resistance was the objective of the march, which stopped and blocked traffic along various cities across the country in order to provoke confrontation.
a_uno_568612-730x487Although initially hesitant to receive the caravan, the Chilean Government agreed to chat with the march leaders at the Presidential Palace through the Interior Minister, Jorge Burgos, after a brief meeting with right-wing UDI party President, Hernan Larrain. This was a swift change of plans from what march leaders sought out initially, which was to hand in a letter to Chilean President, Michelle Bachelet, petitioning for increased security measures for logging operations in Wallmapu.
Mapuche Protest in Retaliation & Street Riots

"We Demand to Work in Peace" as a protester rips the sign
“We Demand to Work in Peace” as a protester rips the sign

The Association’s efforts to provoke public support in their ongoing plunder of Wallmapu inadvertently led Mapuche organizations and their supporters to organize counter rallies across the country, including their final destination at the Presidential Palace. Among other kinds of protests carried out were traditional Mapuche ceremonies (Llellipun), and a call out to raise traditional Mapuche flags wherever supporters resided.

fgfg-730x236
fg-730x235According to Radio Bio-Bio, the association was greeted by a large crowd of hundreds with rocks and molotov cocktails upon their arrival along Santiago’s main street, La Alameda, damaging vehicles along the final march route. However, special police forces quickly came to the defense of Association, firing tear gas and water canons at the protesters, where many were arrested.
Historical Aiding in Plunder and Genocide
Within Chilean society, the Truckers Association is widely known to have deep rooted right wing/fascistic roots, most notably their role in the destabilization of the Allende Socialist Popular Unity government. During the 1972 -73 Truckers Strike, trade professionals were aided by the United States government in order to delegitimize Allende’s credibility as a statesman, which later laid the groundwork necessary for the Coup of September 11th, 1973, and the subsequent fascist military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.
a_uno_568609-730x486The march carried out by the Truckers Association today is particularly gruesome, given the colonial settler nature of the estate owners involved in the mobilization. Matias Catrileo Quezada, a Mapuche Warrior at the time with the Arauco Malleco Coordinator, was murdered by militarized police while engaging in a peaceful land occupation in the Jorge Luchsinger estate on January 3rd, 2008 (an estate also owned by Jorge Luchsinger Junior). Chilean Police officer, Walter Ramirez, received only a mild slap on the wrist for Matias’ murder, convicted to 3 years and a day of probation, as was the case with many other officers who had murdered at least 4 Mapuche warriors throughout the last decade and a half.
Escalation in the Mapuche conflict reached its peak in January 2013, when the Luchsinger-Mackay estate was set ablaze by unknown actors, leaving the couple inside to be incinerated. Increased raids to Mapuche Communities in resistance and arrests followed thereafter, leading to the mass conviction of Mapuche warriors, some for up to 18 years in prison, as the case of Machi [Medicine Healer] Celestino.
The ongoing attack of corporate and state interests against Mapuche communities in resistance continues in Wallmapu, with its current manifestation in this Thursday’s Truckers Association caravan.
With files from El Cuidadano, Radio Bio- Bio
The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]
https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

Land Purchase, Expropriation, or Territorial Control? The Territory should not be Bought, it should be Reclaimed!

llaitulBy Hector Llaitul

There are segments in the Mapuche movement that emphasize the importance of reclaiming the land, independently of how these lands come back into our hands. The CAM has never abided by this logic, and is the reason why our organization has taken a step aside whenever leaders begin to negotiate lands through institutional means.

The various experiences in territorial reclamation show us that there are different ways to go about the struggle, and when interventionism begins, petty interests, conflicts and divisions also come about. In this context, those of us who oppose negotiations and continue pushing the line of Territorial Control are no longer welcome in some circles.

All Mapuche agree on the idea of land reclamation; unfortunately, we are divided at the moment of defining how the reclamation of usurped territory comes about, most importantly, the objective behind said reclamations. Therefore, the Mapuche organizations and leaders that participate in these processes should be held accountable for their outcomes.

The CAM has always had the strategic objective of National Liberation, and therefore, we have never agreed on using negotiations for the reclamation of land through institutional means. Much less within the framework of neoliberal governance that only safeguards private interests and that of the system.

We should reflect and debate over these diverse forms to come about a solution for the Mapuche People, now that the relation between the Chilean State and the Mapuche Nations has become increasingly polarized due to the territorial conflict. Up till now, these solutions have fallen in the framework of the neoliberal model, which demonstrates that the Chilean State does not have real political will to deal with the territorial demand of the Mapuche People, as a Nation. Instead it leaves these demands at the whim of the market economy.

This lack of political will has only led to partial solutions, many of which have led to more divisive conflict between our very communities. To demonstrate, here are the following examples:

  • Land claims petition through the National Corporation for Indigenous Development (CONADI), without previous conflict. The reality faced by most communities is that this process takes years at a time. The land is generally bought in other places than the ones petitioned, which produces uprooting from the original territory.
  • Land is bought from a territory, within a community in conflict with the State and is then given to a “peaceful” community or vis versa, generating conflict between different communities.
  • Territorial occupation that takes place solely to be used as an instrument to pressure for an institutional solution. There is no intension for carrying out Territorial Control, just the purchase of lands.
  • Productive reclamations and/or land under territorial control that is later arbitrated through politicians, the cooptation of leaders, companies, or government representatives in order to force negotiations or the purchase of lands. It is the result of most of the emblematic conflicts. It should be noted that in all these cases, the communities must be organized under the Indigenous Law, similar to a neighbourhood collective in order to purchase the lands, which promotes the individualization of the land in question. It is in this way that because of personal or political reasons, the community is then divided into two or three more segments, excluding other families that were part of the reclamation process.

Together with all of the previously mentioned, it is important to note the many communities that do exert Territorial Control and have not been co-opted to date through the negotiations process and are the exception to the rule, including: Ruka Ñanco and Contulmo (approx. 10 years); Puntilla de Tanquepe and & Choque (approx. 8 years); El Canelo and Las Huellas (approx. 6 years) [among others].

Solutions to the Mapuche Indigenous Land Conflict

  1. The Institutional Route

 

Currently there are two institutional routes for the redistribution or return of lands on behalf of the State: the Expropriation or Lands based on a legislative or political solution, and the purchase of lands based on the market economy.

 

Reformist Solution: The Expropriation of Lands

 

The biggest expropriation carried out in Chile was during the Agrarian Reform. The first law was Number 15,020 of 1962, under the government of Jorge Alessandri and the second, Number 16,640 in 1967 under the government of Eduardo Frei Montalva. The process was carried out in the context of an uprising popular movement and the New Latin American Left during the Cold War, at which time the US was at first forced to support and promote the reformist governments subscribed under the Alliance for Progress. In the case of Chile, economic and political funding was given primarily to Christian Democrat Eduardo Frei Montalva. Later on, between the years 1970 and 1973, the expropriation process accelerated abruptly during the Salvador Allende government, due to the pressure made by the organized peasantry. Close to 4,400 agricultural estates were expropriated during this time, adding to more than 6.4 million hectares. In the Araucania Region, 574 estates were expropriated, which equalled  636 thousand hectares of land; of these 574 estates, 138 estates (approximately 132 thousand hectares) were handed to the Mapuche.

 

The policies of expropriation in this first context were within the context of a State decision that sought out reparation and justice at the time, albeit reformist. As well, the historic demands of the peasantry, as a response to the high levels of poverty, migration to the city and large quantity of land that was considered then to be unproductive for the country were also factor in the development of these policies.

Neoliberal Solution: Land Purchases through the CONADI

 

We have to consider firstly that the current policy for the purchase of land by the Chilean State is given within the context of the imposing Capitalist system and its continuity on our territory. This imposition is initiated with the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, and his support of the Angelini and Matte private interest groups. State policies, such as the Forestry Model is developed through Law 701 of 1974, which subsidizes 75% of the cost of pine plantation, management and administration.

 

These policies are continued in the Democratic era, through the governments of La Concertación and the Alliance. At the same time the policies developed for the return of lands through Indigenous Law 19,253 (which passed through Congress on September 28th, 1993), continue to uphold the interests of large private forestry companies, and with it Capitalism.

 

Moreover, these policies aid in deviating the objective of Mapuche communities to reclaiming their ancient territory, usurped by estate lords, and then passed onto the hands of Forestry companies. Thus allowing for the purchase and return of lands outside the areas of conflict and/or focusing exclusively on private estates (agriculturalists).

 

foto_0000000520121014205322The above allows us to conclude that the governments in turn have facilitated and privileged the resolution of conflicts through the purchase of agricultural estates, while defending the forestry companies that are the economic base of the Capitalist Chilean State.

 

Unto this situation, the position of the CAM has always been clear. It is due to our Anti-Capitalist position that our objective has been and will be firstly be the relinquishment of the Forestry Companies, as well as Hydroelectric or Mining investments. The conflict against the agriculturalists, descendants of settlers, in the case of some communities are also to made note of when dealing with large extensions of land that were part of our ancient territory.

 

Nonetheless, we are emphatically against conflict with small scale farmers and peasants, since they are not strategic objectives for the territorial and political reconstruction of our People. On the contrary, conflicts that are generated with farmers only fuel the mass media bias against our Mapuche People, taking support and sympathy away from our just demands.

 

It is in this way the current policy for the purchase of lands through the CONADI is carried out with a Neo-liberal framework. That is to say, it is managed through the market system, which only seeks the safeguard and promotion of Capitalist investment in the territory. Therefore, any economic transaction that is made will be capitalized upon and will never be in favour of our People. Every process that involves a purchase of land allows for the victory of the system itself, and in particular, for the agriculturalist or forestry company that after years of occupation on Mapuche lands are compensated with thousands of dollars so they can keep investing.

 

This is why it is extremely important to analyse how the Capitalist system projects itself on Wallmapu, in comparison with territorial demands of our People. Especially now that this government is set to promote a Bill that seeks to incentivize investment in the Forestry industry, duplicating the number of pine and eucalyptus plantations through an amendment to Law 701.

 

According to the [Chilean] National Forestry Corporation (CONAF): “Those that will benefit directly will be indigenous communities in the Region, which in many cases have received land through the CONADI that had been used as a plantation by previous owners, and will now have the chance plant on their own with State subsidies.” Together with the previous information, the policy of land purchase, based in the Indigenous Law, promotes the subdivision of the already reduced reservations in “Mapuche neighbourhood  assemblies,” or so-called “communities by this Law.

 

As an example, we can look at the situation of the El Canelo estate (owned by Volterra) in Arauco, wherein due to the negotiations process, the estate will be given to seven “Mapuche neighbourhood  assemblies,”  due to the subdivision of various reservations (Ranquilhue, Choque, Miquihue, El Malo) through the destruction of the ancient community. The same could happen in the Puntilla de Tranaquepe estate, owned by Mininco Forestry Inc.

 

The return of the El Canelo estate will be most likely viewed by Mapuche institutional leaders as a great victory. They, along with Volterra Inc and the government, will be placing a tombstone on the notion of Territorial Control, carried out for years by the families of Choque and Miquihue, who independently carried out a unitary process supported by the CAM until now.

 

This process is a failure for our organization, since it represents a neoliberal escape to the struggle. Firstly, by selling the land to a “Mapuche neighbourhood assembly,” it legitimizes assimilation and integration, because it does not represent the ancient organization of our people. Secondly, Volterra Forestry Incorporate will leave with their hand full; and thirdly, interventionism will come after the return of the estate, most likely through Law 701.

 

That is to say, Law 701 will no longer just subsidize the large Forestry companies usurping the territory, but the very “communities” that have taken part in these negotiations. Through “the communities’” own plantation of foreign pine and eucalyptus, the Forestry Industry will reincorporate the land that had been previously under Territorial Control, and thus continue to have power over these plantations. From our point of view, this constitutes as a real collusion between the Chilean State and the Forestry Industry, whose only strategic objective is that teh El Canelo estate continue to serve the purposes of Capitalism.

 

Beforehand there existed three major emblematic land claims conflicts against a tourist business elite and agriculturalists that were forced into this solution: The Osvaldo Carvajal estate in Lleu Lleu , Urban in Ercilla and Luchsinger in Vilcun. It is a very serious matter to have conflicts against Forestry companies end this way, especially considering that these are the main sustainers of the Capitalist system in Wallmapu.

 

  1. The Autonomous Route, by the Mapuche People for National Liberation: Territorial Control

 

If the territory is the material base for our existence as a People, at the same time, Territorial Control is its political, social and cultural exercise for our projection as such.

 

zanja en fundo la romana 057.jpgIt is in this way that the reclamation of our territory and the exercise of Territorial Control are related and intertwined. If the objective is the liberation of our Nation, said process must be autonomous, and not under the whim of the Chilean State, and much less the market. That is to say, it implies the real liberation of all forms of oppression, whether it is economic, political or ideological, which are imposed by negotiations and land purchase process. The reclamation of the ancient territory represents the reconstruction of our People, the development of our people as a political subject, and not as the object of State policies whose only purpose is integration and domestication.

 

Therefore, the objective of Territorial Reclamation is the liberation of the territory from the Capitalist market, and subsequently is also the liberation of ourselves as a People. This forces us transform said territorial space and the reconstruction of our own ways and practices; advancing from the reservation to our traditional Lov and Ayllarewe, to politically recreate our territorial identities as the base of the Mapuche Nation. That is to say, it is not just about reclaiming a physical space, but to transform it through Territorial Control.

 

The current Indigenous Law and the purchase land policy constitute an inverse process, which completely destroys our world and our organization. It is more destructive than the formation of the reservation through Treaty title; we are talking about the complete individualization of our People through the purchase of land to “Mapuche Neighbourhood Assemblies.” Unfortunately, the Capitalist logic of private property is propelled by some, and hurries us into negotiations, into purchases and signing papers; that is, more submission.

 

rucananco lleu-lleuTerritorial Control, on the other hand is a slow and paced process that requires patience and sacrifice. It can be initiated with actions of resistance, such as the sabotage of forestry equipment and the expulsion of police forces (such as the cases of El Guairao, Las Huellas, etc.). It is continued with productive reclamation, that is, with harvest, the construction of traditional houses, the demarcation of guillatwe and paliwe, planting traditional medicines like rewe and guillatun. Finally, it is organized self-defense that allows the reconstruction to advance and maintain itself in Territorial Control.

It is due to all of this that a call to the communities becomes imperative, to continue the experiences of Territorial Control and stop the negotiations that seek our consolidation to the dominant economic system. It is necessary to generate more debate to stop corrupt and opportunist leadership that act like political agents of government and of the Capitalist system.

Wichan Info al Dia

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

Two Arson Attacks on Logging Trucks in the Province of Arauco, Wallmapu (so-called $hile)

foto_0000000120150514080225May 15th, 2015

Two arson attacks were carried out early Thursday morning at various points in the Araucania Region.

The first took place in at the Mariposas Estate, located on Highway CH181that connects the townships of Curacautín with Victoria, in the Province of Malleco.

According to police reports, the unknown suspects entered the area and lit fire to a shed that contained logging equipment.

Guards confronted the suspects, which gave way to shots being fired, although police assert there were no injuries reported.

Due to the incident a tractor, as well as an excavator, were completely destroyed.

Logging trucks and Look-Out Posts Damaged in Mininco

foto_0000000220150514080225Meanwhile, the other incident took place in an area of Mininco, on Highway 5 South, at the northern exit of the Araucania Region.

It was there that three logging trucks and a pedestrian lookout post were burnt down, and police are investigating on the scene.

Close to 20 armed hooded suspects forced out the truck drivers to complete the attack, and the fire reached the nearby look-out post, according to witnesses.

During the morning hours, the Provincial Prosecutor, Luis Espinoza, stated that they would work with investigators and local police to search for clues in connection to two other similar incidents in the townships of Caracautín and Victoria.

“The attacks were simultaneous, which provoked the arson of three trucks and a look-out pedestrian post. It was a coordinated attack, dividing themselves between the trucks, and intimidating the drivers with long and short firearms,” alleged the prosecutor.

The local Government representative of the Araucania Region, Mario Gonzalez, stated that there would be charges against those responsible for the incidents.

“We are investigating the incidents with the arson of these trucks and the look-out posts to come up with possible charges,” stated the representative.

“Everyone rejects these actions that do not favour the development of the region,” added Gonzalez.

In the area, pamphlets related to the Mapuche land conflict were found, stating the freedom of [Mapuche Political Prisoner] Patricio Queipul.

Source: Radio Cooperativa

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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