Riots errupt as racist Chilean Trucker Association march arrives at Presidential Palace in Santiago

2171934The march led by Jorge Luchsinger Junior, estate owner and son of slain occupying settlers Jorge Luchsinger and Miriam Mackay, arrived at Santiago’s Presidential Palace at 9pm in protest of arson attacks carried out on logging transport equipment by Mapuche land defenders.
A caravan of 13 trucks traveled from Wallmapu, occupied Mapuche Territory, to the Chilean capital, carrying the machines that had been set ablaze in the region. The increase of ongoing State repression and criminalization of Mapuche communities in resistance was the objective of the march, which stopped and blocked traffic along various cities across the country in order to provoke confrontation.
a_uno_568612-730x487Although initially hesitant to receive the caravan, the Chilean Government agreed to chat with the march leaders at the Presidential Palace through the Interior Minister, Jorge Burgos, after a brief meeting with right-wing UDI party President, Hernan Larrain. This was a swift change of plans from what march leaders sought out initially, which was to hand in a letter to Chilean President, Michelle Bachelet, petitioning for increased security measures for logging operations in Wallmapu.
Mapuche Protest in Retaliation & Street Riots

"We Demand to Work in Peace" as a protester rips the sign

“We Demand to Work in Peace” as a protester rips the sign

The Association’s efforts to provoke public support in their ongoing plunder of Wallmapu inadvertently led Mapuche organizations and their supporters to organize counter rallies across the country, including their final destination at the Presidential Palace. Among other kinds of protests carried out were traditional Mapuche ceremonies (Llellipun), and a call out to raise traditional Mapuche flags wherever supporters resided.

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fg-730x235According to Radio Bio-Bio, the association was greeted by a large crowd of hundreds with rocks and molotov cocktails upon their arrival along Santiago’s main street, La Alameda, damaging vehicles along the final march route. However, special police forces quickly came to the defense of Association, firing tear gas and water canons at the protesters, where many were arrested.
Historical Aiding in Plunder and Genocide
Within Chilean society, the Truckers Association is widely known to have deep rooted right wing/fascistic roots, most notably their role in the destabilization of the Allende Socialist Popular Unity government. During the 1972 -73 Truckers Strike, trade professionals were aided by the United States government in order to delegitimize Allende’s credibility as a statesman, which later laid the groundwork necessary for the Coup of September 11th, 1973, and the subsequent fascist military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.
a_uno_568609-730x486The march carried out by the Truckers Association today is particularly gruesome, given the colonial settler nature of the estate owners involved in the mobilization. Matias Catrileo Quezada, a Mapuche Warrior at the time with the Arauco Malleco Coordinator, was murdered by militarized police while engaging in a peaceful land occupation in the Jorge Luchsinger estate on January 3rd, 2008 (an estate also owned by Jorge Luchsinger Junior). Chilean Police officer, Walter Ramirez, received only a mild slap on the wrist for Matias’ murder, convicted to 3 years and a day of probation, as was the case with many other officers who had murdered at least 4 Mapuche warriors throughout the last decade and a half.
Escalation in the Mapuche conflict reached its peak in January 2013, when the Luchsinger-Mackay estate was set ablaze by unknown actors, leaving the couple inside to be incinerated. Increased raids to Mapuche Communities in resistance and arrests followed thereafter, leading to the mass conviction of Mapuche warriors, some for up to 18 years in prison, as the case of Machi [Medicine Healer] Celestino.
The ongoing attack of corporate and state interests against Mapuche communities in resistance continues in Wallmapu, with its current manifestation in this Thursday’s Truckers Association caravan.
With files from El Cuidadano, Radio Bio- Bio
The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]
https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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Students across Chile & Wallmapu Clash with Police over Education Reforms

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May 30th, 2015 (Photo Gallery Below)

Chilean police fired tear gas and used water cannons to disperse stone-throwing students protesting May 28 against what they call inadequate education reforms and heavy-handed crackdowns on recent demonstrations.

Thousands of students took to the streets of Santiago, Valparaiso, and Concepcion to condemn President Michelle Bachelet’s reforms, claiming they fall short of overhauling an unequal education system inherited from the 1973-1990 military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.

The protest began in the early morning hours as students dragged piles of rubbish into the streets and set them on fire, blocking traffic.

Demonstrators then massed outside the education ministry and state television network.

After being dispersed by police, thousands of protesters again took to the streets May 28 night. Hooded protesters gathered around a government building where they erected barricades and attempted to loot shops, police said.

Police reported four officers were hurt in the demonstrations.

“We’re still a very long way from achieving our dreams. The reforms are very inadequate,” student leader Claudia Arevalo told AFP.

The students, who have been protesting against the education system since 2011, also accused police of using excessive force to break up recent demonstrations.

An art student from Catholic University is currently in critical condition after being knocked to the ground and badly injured by a police water cannon during a protest that brought out six thousand students in the port city of Valparaiso last week.

The critically injured student was identified as Rodrigo Aviles Bravo, 28, who received the strong impact from a Special Police Forces water-cannon truck on Pedro Montt Avenue. Witnesses said the student at the Catholic University of Santiago, was hit in the chest at close range, where he lost his balance and hit his head on the pavement. The student was taken to the Carlos Van Buren Hospital in the port city, where he has been monitored in the ICU for head trauma in critical condition. In the same way, 19 year old student of AIEP Valparaiso, Paulina Estay, was taken to the hospital after being hit by Special Forces on the sidewalk of Parque Italia.

These incidents occurred around the seat of the Legislature, in the center of Valparaiso, where a group the Carabineros (militarized police) had set up barricades to block the advance of the protest. People tried to remove the barriers and police began with baton charges, water cannons and tear-gas to disperse the protesters who responded by throwing stones and objects at the police Special Forces.

Protesters with banners also recalled the death of students Exequiel Borvarán and Diego Guzman, who were shot two weeks ago by a suspect after participating in a march in Valparaiso.

555e2bcba4ba6.imagePolice once again used water cannons as well as tear gas on May 28th as masked protesters attacked them with sticks and stones during an unauthorized march through the center of the capital.

Bachelet won a second term in 2013 with promises to launch an ambitious reform of the education system.

In January, she signed the first reform bill, opening university education to all students and banning for-profit activities at state-funded schools.

Last week, she announced a bill to provide free university education to 60 percent of the poorest students starting next year, reaching 70 percent in 2018 and 100 percent in 2020.

But her reform push has slowed amid a series of damaging corruption scandals, including one involving her son, that have dented her popularity — currently at 29 percent, her lowest rating ever.

With sources from Radio Cooperativa, Revolution News, and Hurriyet Daily News

The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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TAMARA SOL Public Communique + Update on Transfer to High Security Prison

Tamara Sol Farís Vergara is Transferred to High Security Prison

This Wednesday, May 27th, 2015, Tamara Sol Farías Vergara was transferred to the ill-named “Centre for Feminine Orientation” (COF) located at Vicuña Mackenna and Capitan Prat streets in San Joaquin, Santiago.

The prison guard, Jenny Muñoz Gajardo, a Commandant who is in charge of the incarceration of over 500 women in the [prison] centre of extermination of “San Miguel,” is a loyal representative of police brutality and is paid millions of pesos to employ the logic of prison punishment and the control over people’s lives. This officer let her rage out with Tamara Sol and did not let her say goodbye to her cellmate, taking her out forcefully, without giving Sol the chance to pack her personal belongings (her prison mates gathered up what they could in a bag that Sol has yet to receive). We are told that Tamara Sol resisted with punches, screams and spits while being forced out by the prison guards, and was then handcuffed and taken to solitary confinement around 6pm.

We still don’t know what range the prison guards will decide to lock up Sol in the prison of San Joaquin.  Visiting hours and the size of packages vary depending on the range she is placed.

The Family of Tamara Sol Farías Vergara

***********************************************

sol declaracionPUBLIC COMMUNIQUE:

By Tamara Sol Farías Vergara

2015. Fall [in South America]. New Moon.

These are my first words through the internet after the 7 year and 61 day sentencing made against me for attempted homicide, and theft.

Many people think that [my comrade] Angry was my partner, or that I had some sort of relationship with him, something that is completely untrue. He was a valuable comrade with whom I shared infinite ideas and feelings. He was a nihilist anarchist and I claim responsibility for the revenge of his murder as a political act, since I will always believe his murder was not by chance. Let us not forget that TVN [news channel] headlined the act [of Angry’s murder] as something “heroic,” as if though there had been a robbery to stop.

I did not shoot the same guard, who shot the trigger and then reloaded his gun to shoot a few more rounds, but my act is clear and so is the message. Security guards: you can’t keep killing our brothers, nor risking your lives for a miserable wage, or for any amount! Ask yourselves what you are guarding, who your bosses are, and whose money it is you are guarding with your life!

I don’t believe in justice.

Prisons, together with the entire judicial system, are made by the rich and powerful only to safeguard their properties and their social order of death. The police, judges, prosecution, prison guards lend themselves to this, and that is why they are my enemies.

There are things as individuals that cannot pass us by, with regards to the State and Power exerted over us. Imprisonment, murder and the theft of our lives for the well being of some is State Terrorism.  This is the case of Nataly Casanova, Guillermo Duran, Juan Flores and Enrique Guzman, who are charged with Anti-Terrorism laws, jailed under a media circus without having any viable proof of their involvement in any bomb detonations, and risk sentences that could cost them their lives.

Or in the case of comrade Angry, in which the ex-soldier/security guard was placed on the same day of the robbery and was ordered to kill with people behind him. Why isn’t the disgusting justice system punishing that security guard?

That is what State Terror looks like, when a person’s death is justified for the protection of private property; when poor people are jailed for decades for acts that don’t compare to the devastation made unto the land for centuries, or don’t compare to the violence of neoliberalism forcefully imposed by the dictatorship, while killing, torturing and disappearing thousands of people. The people who did this have first and last names, they are still alive, still working, walking freely through the streets, like that damned Labbé who got bail for only $500,000 miserable pesos [approx. $1000 CAD].

I also don’t think I should go to jail.

But then, what happens with those terrorists? What happens with Angelini and Matte that are leaving the people in the south without water and without native forests?

It is Bachelet, the Executive Power, that protects them through their bills and laws, which allow them to get richer by the day. And at whose cost? At the cost of entire communities that cannot harvest from the drought, forcing them to work until they die in their toil.  This is what Terrorism looks like!

Let the mass media manipulate the events and information, throwing in disgusting patriarchical TV shows where women are the object and the men are the boss, calling up citizens to collaborate with police to capture poor people doing petty theft. Like in the case of stupid shows like “133” and others, transforming neighbours into police vigilantes, torturers and snitches. Meanwhile, political theft, such as the case of Cascadas in the Penta case, or even Bachelet’s own son involved in a corruption scandal, haven’t received so much as anything thrown at them: they are all free, safe and sound. All of them are part of the $hilean Oligarchy, the State and Power.

As individuals with free will, we cannot naturalize the omnipotence of the law that watched over us, or much less protect their property or their money. Our social conduct is carried out people. The State is a structure that is sustained by authorities, the Police and Gendarmerie, who recognize it as a necessity.

We do not need a State or a Government. The collapse of modern slavery is in our hands, to take our lives by assault, to destroy all privileges. Let us stop working for them and stop recognizing their authority. We know that democracy is a media show to maintain their precious riches, so that no one can touch or bother them. These are the elements of their social peace and public order; the fear of losing it all, because without the poor, there can be no rich. Without the State there is no law. Without patriarchy there can be no authority or dominion.

The (a)bility to live autonomously is in our hands, with no boss or master, or schedule. Let us value our will. We are capable of striding away from materialism, commodities, and consumption. Let us go back to being wise, let us listen to our elders, our children. Let us leave behind these binary roles that generate dependencies and hierarchies in our relationships. Let us be ourselves without prejudice. We do not need a father figure, a man or a State to protect us. Creativity and knowledge are innate in ourselves, and we can be self-sufficient with what the land gives us, we do not need more than that. Let us go back to senses, look inward and connect with life, nature, and learn from our ancestors.

Technology and science aren’t in our favour; they also belong to the rich. Monsanto is a clear example: utilizing bio-technology to invent seeds and agricultural plants, making them resistant to a carcinogenic pesticide, talking complete control over fruit and vegetable plantations, the base of our nutrition.

The same occurs with the forestry plantations of pine and eucalyptus, as important commodities for export, and thereby one of the main sources of wealth. The monoculture of these species requires a specific pesticide to confront pests, and the pines have been biochemically modified to confront these and all temperatures, demanding greater quantities of water that a native forest, contaminating and sterilizing the land.

They experiment with our bodies, inventing sicknesses and selling the antidotes through the mafia that is the pharmaceutical industry in collusion with others in Power.

Always seducing us through adds of deceit to consume certain types of food for “good health” like milk (through consistent rapes), meat (cadavers) or eggs, fomenting the commercialization of animal life, in centres of torture and sickness for these beings (like Agrosuper, Superpollo, or any other slaughterhouse).

The oligarchy supported by the State are the real Terrorists.

Let us understand that the idea of consumption and accumulation is empty. It has nothing to do with life. We should understand that we are part of the universe and cannot keep participating in the immense damage that the powerful have made on the planet in which we live, in order to keep their privileges. If we are conscious and take responsibility for this we can stop them and recover our autonomy, individual will, sensitivity, the earth’s and our bodies’ fertility, as well as the joy of living without affective or sexual misery; enjoying the chaotic fluids of free relationships and our natural wildness.

I’m happy to know that there still are and there will continue to be restless, rebel, autonomous hearts being born; beings that are not seduced by the comfort of neoliberalism and democracy. I keep you in my mind and in my heart always. From here I extend a great hug; know that your acts make us strong and brighten up our days.

Solidarity keeps us grounded in all its forms. That is why I give heartfelt greetings to the folks in Villa Francia and the comrades that are always willing to confront the police in punches and kicks in every disgusting court appearance, many of whom ended up getting beaten up and arrested. Know that you are all valuable warriors. I thank my brothers/sisters who have never stopped visiting me and cook delicious food for me. I love you all very much and miss you all.

To the defense team all my respect, for the way in which they have chosen to get our comrades out of jail. They are concrete actions in the confrontation of forces… a weapon.

Solidarity and heartfelt greetings to Freddy, Marcelo, Juan, Carlos, Hans, Alfredo, Alejandro and Nicolas captured in the cages of the $hilean State.

Accomplice love to Tato and Javier… Strength to Nataly, Juan and Guillermo in their now 45 days on liquid hunger strike! Strength to Enrique Guzman: all my support in this long battle!

Solidarity and respect to the people of the earth in Wallmapu!

Solidarity with the Prisoners of the World!

Against the Techno-Industrial Patriarchical Society!

Against the State, its Oligarchy and all forms of Domination!

For the destruction of all cages!

Heart, will, memory, intuition and instinct! Trust in oneself!

Ana, Luisa, Manuel, Alen, I love you all infinitely!

 

SOL MALEN [Tamara Sol Farías Vergara]

NIHILIST PRISONER

INCARCERATED IN RANGE 2 OF SAN MIGUEL PRISON, [Santiago, $hile]

May 28th, 2015

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating  Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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Anarchist prisoners Tamara Sol & Tato fasting in solidarity with the comrades on hunger strike

tamtatoComrades and close ones:

We currently find ourselves within a context in which three comrades in prison are confronting the judicial/political/media apparatus, in order to achieve certain goals. The comrades have opted for struggling through their bodies, carrying out a hunger strike and thereby showing strength and resilience in their actions and words.

Unto this, we call out to mobilize in solidarity with comrades Nataly Casanova, Juan Flores and Guillermo Duran. At the same time, we Tamara Sol Farías and Tato (Natalia Collado) will begin a solidarity fast by having one meal a day, beginning today, March 20th onwards, notwithstanding the radicalization of these actions in the coming days.

Our comrades need strength, love and solidarity now!!

No prisoner is alone [in this struggle]!!

Tato (Natalia Collado)

Tamara Sol Farías

Modulo 2 (Connotacion Publica)

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

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In (Insurrect) Memory of Mauricio Morales. Fiery Solidarity with Natally, Juan and Guillermo on 30 + Day Hunger Strike.

nataly nataly1Written statement found in between the barricades and Molotov cocktails at the AustralUniversity of Chile (UACH), around noon on Wednesday May 13th, 2015:

“It is the time to act in our everyday life with our affine ones, for the destruction of the industrial prison complex and any social attempt to reform that disgusting system of death. Solidarity must never be an empty phrase, but an everyday action confronting power and supporting those who are sequestered in this war to the death.” Mauricio Morales.

It is now May, and we cannot forget the date that is arriving. The death of an anarchist brother who fell during the unexpected explosion of a bomb, which would have detonated under the noses of the bastard torturers known as prison guards, on that cold night of May 22nd, 2009.

It has now been 6 years since Maury’s passing, a painful parting for all those who feel a call to action. Not for those cowards that fill their mouths with pretty words of future societies and the like. No! We refer to the anti-authoritarian environment that carries action and solidarity in their hands. Not empty words, but hatred towards all forms of Power and Authority, as well as the unconditional love for our fallen and imprisoned comrades.

With this action, we remember Maury for his courage, for his contributions in the struggle against power. Because of course, our comrade did not just struggle a single night, but an entire life of combat.

Helping out in social centres, occupations, workshops, libraries, various events, meetings, barricades, university actions, confrontations with the police, and so much else. His environment is proud of him, and they carry him with them and express their love to the comrades that wish to remember him in various ways.

We did not know him personally, but we feel the need to remember him with fire and propaganda, so that these dates will never go unnoticed. We feel the love and the pain of his siblings that insist in having an iconoclastic memory, which is dignified of being rekindled and greeted. A strong hug to all of them, strength to you all and may this actions and these words bring about a smile on your face in these difficult days. Our accomplice actions to you all with always continue on the same path.

We act in order to attack the prevailing order, its symbols and defenders, sharpening this conflict against Power. We bring onto the streets the insurrect memory of Mauricio Morales and of course, not forgetting our sisters and brothers who resist in prison. Our fire is in direct revolutionary solidarity with Nataly Casanova. Juan Flores and Guillermo Duran that so far have carried out a 30 day hunger strike.

We know that since last September 2014, a witch hunt began in order to save the entities of “public safety” of absolute failure in order to find those responsible for the explosive artifacts that detonated in Santiago (Escuela Militar, SUbcentro and two Police Divisions).

In the middle of an ominous investigation that sustains itself primarily on the mass media serving those in Power, those who are arrested are Nataly Casanova and Juan Flores. They are arrested under the infamous Anti-Terrorist law, leaving them in pre-trial prison for 10 months, along with Guillermo Duran who was left on complete house arrest for the same period.

During the last few months, the comrades have confronted the judicial processes with dignity, despite the constant harassment made by the prison guards.

This constant hit against our comrades by those in Power has been followed by the arrest of yet another person. Enrique Guzman, a friend of those charged was also arrested in connection with the case, for the sole fact that he had maintained his systematic support and solidarity to the prisoners.

On April 14th, 2015, comrades Nataly Casanova, Juan Flores and Guillermo Duran initiated a liquid indefinite hunger strike with a statement that demands the following:

 Immediate charges to be dropped against Enrique Alfonso Guzman Amadeo, considering the ridiculous accusations, and absurd evidence presented by the Prosecutor.

 To present DNA evidence that has been lacking in the case thus far. Currently the DNA tests show there to be no definitive link between the accused and any explosive artifact. The Prosecutor has argued that traces can be found after the incident, even when forensic experts discard its validity as evidence.

 An end to the harassment and persecution that the repressive forces have enabled against our loved ones and our environment. In this way seeking to threaten and criminalize those that wish to manifest their active and unconditional love and support Clear proof of this is the harassment demonstrated by the arrest of our comrade Enrique, who has decided to help us periodically, with nothing to hide from anyone. This as well as the arrest of a friend who was taken by the neck and taken into an unmarked car.

 This harassment must be stopped both in and out of prison, since we are also harassed by Chilean prison guards. Our response has been in no way submissive, which has made us suffer quite a bit of punishment and aggression.

 We demand an immediate solution for our comrade Nataly Antonieta Casanova Muñoz, who has been in severe isolation since her arrival at the San Miguel prison. Prison guards have ignored the order to change her unit and thus our comrade is in a state of “prison limbo.” Wedemand the immediate transfer of our comrade so she may have contact with other inmates and more time outdoors (she has only had an hour of yard time since she came to the prison, which is highly unusual).

SOLIDARITY WITH NATALY CASANOVA, JUAN FLORES & GUILLERMO DURAN on a 30+ Day Hunger Strike!

With Maury in our Memory and Anarchist Action!

Not a single minute of silence! An Entire Life of Combat!

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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Land Purchase, Expropriation, or Territorial Control? The Territory should not be Bought, it should be Reclaimed!

llaitulBy Hector Llaitul

There are segments in the Mapuche movement that emphasize the importance of reclaiming the land, independently of how these lands come back into our hands. The CAM has never abided by this logic, and is the reason why our organization has taken a step aside whenever leaders begin to negotiate lands through institutional means.

The various experiences in territorial reclamation show us that there are different ways to go about the struggle, and when interventionism begins, petty interests, conflicts and divisions also come about. In this context, those of us who oppose negotiations and continue pushing the line of Territorial Control are no longer welcome in some circles.

All Mapuche agree on the idea of land reclamation; unfortunately, we are divided at the moment of defining how the reclamation of usurped territory comes about, most importantly, the objective behind said reclamations. Therefore, the Mapuche organizations and leaders that participate in these processes should be held accountable for their outcomes.

The CAM has always had the strategic objective of National Liberation, and therefore, we have never agreed on using negotiations for the reclamation of land through institutional means. Much less within the framework of neoliberal governance that only safeguards private interests and that of the system.

We should reflect and debate over these diverse forms to come about a solution for the Mapuche People, now that the relation between the Chilean State and the Mapuche Nations has become increasingly polarized due to the territorial conflict. Up till now, these solutions have fallen in the framework of the neoliberal model, which demonstrates that the Chilean State does not have real political will to deal with the territorial demand of the Mapuche People, as a Nation. Instead it leaves these demands at the whim of the market economy.

This lack of political will has only led to partial solutions, many of which have led to more divisive conflict between our very communities. To demonstrate, here are the following examples:

  • Land claims petition through the National Corporation for Indigenous Development (CONADI), without previous conflict. The reality faced by most communities is that this process takes years at a time. The land is generally bought in other places than the ones petitioned, which produces uprooting from the original territory.
  • Land is bought from a territory, within a community in conflict with the State and is then given to a “peaceful” community or vis versa, generating conflict between different communities.
  • Territorial occupation that takes place solely to be used as an instrument to pressure for an institutional solution. There is no intension for carrying out Territorial Control, just the purchase of lands.
  • Productive reclamations and/or land under territorial control that is later arbitrated through politicians, the cooptation of leaders, companies, or government representatives in order to force negotiations or the purchase of lands. It is the result of most of the emblematic conflicts. It should be noted that in all these cases, the communities must be organized under the Indigenous Law, similar to a neighbourhood collective in order to purchase the lands, which promotes the individualization of the land in question. It is in this way that because of personal or political reasons, the community is then divided into two or three more segments, excluding other families that were part of the reclamation process.

Together with all of the previously mentioned, it is important to note the many communities that do exert Territorial Control and have not been co-opted to date through the negotiations process and are the exception to the rule, including: Ruka Ñanco and Contulmo (approx. 10 years); Puntilla de Tanquepe and & Choque (approx. 8 years); El Canelo and Las Huellas (approx. 6 years) [among others].

Solutions to the Mapuche Indigenous Land Conflict

  1. The Institutional Route

 

Currently there are two institutional routes for the redistribution or return of lands on behalf of the State: the Expropriation or Lands based on a legislative or political solution, and the purchase of lands based on the market economy.

 

Reformist Solution: The Expropriation of Lands

 

The biggest expropriation carried out in Chile was during the Agrarian Reform. The first law was Number 15,020 of 1962, under the government of Jorge Alessandri and the second, Number 16,640 in 1967 under the government of Eduardo Frei Montalva. The process was carried out in the context of an uprising popular movement and the New Latin American Left during the Cold War, at which time the US was at first forced to support and promote the reformist governments subscribed under the Alliance for Progress. In the case of Chile, economic and political funding was given primarily to Christian Democrat Eduardo Frei Montalva. Later on, between the years 1970 and 1973, the expropriation process accelerated abruptly during the Salvador Allende government, due to the pressure made by the organized peasantry. Close to 4,400 agricultural estates were expropriated during this time, adding to more than 6.4 million hectares. In the Araucania Region, 574 estates were expropriated, which equalled  636 thousand hectares of land; of these 574 estates, 138 estates (approximately 132 thousand hectares) were handed to the Mapuche.

 

The policies of expropriation in this first context were within the context of a State decision that sought out reparation and justice at the time, albeit reformist. As well, the historic demands of the peasantry, as a response to the high levels of poverty, migration to the city and large quantity of land that was considered then to be unproductive for the country were also factor in the development of these policies.

Neoliberal Solution: Land Purchases through the CONADI

 

We have to consider firstly that the current policy for the purchase of land by the Chilean State is given within the context of the imposing Capitalist system and its continuity on our territory. This imposition is initiated with the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, and his support of the Angelini and Matte private interest groups. State policies, such as the Forestry Model is developed through Law 701 of 1974, which subsidizes 75% of the cost of pine plantation, management and administration.

 

These policies are continued in the Democratic era, through the governments of La Concertación and the Alliance. At the same time the policies developed for the return of lands through Indigenous Law 19,253 (which passed through Congress on September 28th, 1993), continue to uphold the interests of large private forestry companies, and with it Capitalism.

 

Moreover, these policies aid in deviating the objective of Mapuche communities to reclaiming their ancient territory, usurped by estate lords, and then passed onto the hands of Forestry companies. Thus allowing for the purchase and return of lands outside the areas of conflict and/or focusing exclusively on private estates (agriculturalists).

 

foto_0000000520121014205322The above allows us to conclude that the governments in turn have facilitated and privileged the resolution of conflicts through the purchase of agricultural estates, while defending the forestry companies that are the economic base of the Capitalist Chilean State.

 

Unto this situation, the position of the CAM has always been clear. It is due to our Anti-Capitalist position that our objective has been and will be firstly be the relinquishment of the Forestry Companies, as well as Hydroelectric or Mining investments. The conflict against the agriculturalists, descendants of settlers, in the case of some communities are also to made note of when dealing with large extensions of land that were part of our ancient territory.

 

Nonetheless, we are emphatically against conflict with small scale farmers and peasants, since they are not strategic objectives for the territorial and political reconstruction of our People. On the contrary, conflicts that are generated with farmers only fuel the mass media bias against our Mapuche People, taking support and sympathy away from our just demands.

 

It is in this way the current policy for the purchase of lands through the CONADI is carried out with a Neo-liberal framework. That is to say, it is managed through the market system, which only seeks the safeguard and promotion of Capitalist investment in the territory. Therefore, any economic transaction that is made will be capitalized upon and will never be in favour of our People. Every process that involves a purchase of land allows for the victory of the system itself, and in particular, for the agriculturalist or forestry company that after years of occupation on Mapuche lands are compensated with thousands of dollars so they can keep investing.

 

This is why it is extremely important to analyse how the Capitalist system projects itself on Wallmapu, in comparison with territorial demands of our People. Especially now that this government is set to promote a Bill that seeks to incentivize investment in the Forestry industry, duplicating the number of pine and eucalyptus plantations through an amendment to Law 701.

 

According to the [Chilean] National Forestry Corporation (CONAF): “Those that will benefit directly will be indigenous communities in the Region, which in many cases have received land through the CONADI that had been used as a plantation by previous owners, and will now have the chance plant on their own with State subsidies.” Together with the previous information, the policy of land purchase, based in the Indigenous Law, promotes the subdivision of the already reduced reservations in “Mapuche neighbourhood  assemblies,” or so-called “communities by this Law.

 

As an example, we can look at the situation of the El Canelo estate (owned by Volterra) in Arauco, wherein due to the negotiations process, the estate will be given to seven “Mapuche neighbourhood  assemblies,”  due to the subdivision of various reservations (Ranquilhue, Choque, Miquihue, El Malo) through the destruction of the ancient community. The same could happen in the Puntilla de Tranaquepe estate, owned by Mininco Forestry Inc.

 

The return of the El Canelo estate will be most likely viewed by Mapuche institutional leaders as a great victory. They, along with Volterra Inc and the government, will be placing a tombstone on the notion of Territorial Control, carried out for years by the families of Choque and Miquihue, who independently carried out a unitary process supported by the CAM until now.

 

This process is a failure for our organization, since it represents a neoliberal escape to the struggle. Firstly, by selling the land to a “Mapuche neighbourhood assembly,” it legitimizes assimilation and integration, because it does not represent the ancient organization of our people. Secondly, Volterra Forestry Incorporate will leave with their hand full; and thirdly, interventionism will come after the return of the estate, most likely through Law 701.

 

That is to say, Law 701 will no longer just subsidize the large Forestry companies usurping the territory, but the very “communities” that have taken part in these negotiations. Through “the communities’” own plantation of foreign pine and eucalyptus, the Forestry Industry will reincorporate the land that had been previously under Territorial Control, and thus continue to have power over these plantations. From our point of view, this constitutes as a real collusion between the Chilean State and the Forestry Industry, whose only strategic objective is that teh El Canelo estate continue to serve the purposes of Capitalism.

 

Beforehand there existed three major emblematic land claims conflicts against a tourist business elite and agriculturalists that were forced into this solution: The Osvaldo Carvajal estate in Lleu Lleu , Urban in Ercilla and Luchsinger in Vilcun. It is a very serious matter to have conflicts against Forestry companies end this way, especially considering that these are the main sustainers of the Capitalist system in Wallmapu.

 

  1. The Autonomous Route, by the Mapuche People for National Liberation: Territorial Control

 

If the territory is the material base for our existence as a People, at the same time, Territorial Control is its political, social and cultural exercise for our projection as such.

 

zanja en fundo la romana 057.jpgIt is in this way that the reclamation of our territory and the exercise of Territorial Control are related and intertwined. If the objective is the liberation of our Nation, said process must be autonomous, and not under the whim of the Chilean State, and much less the market. That is to say, it implies the real liberation of all forms of oppression, whether it is economic, political or ideological, which are imposed by negotiations and land purchase process. The reclamation of the ancient territory represents the reconstruction of our People, the development of our people as a political subject, and not as the object of State policies whose only purpose is integration and domestication.

 

Therefore, the objective of Territorial Reclamation is the liberation of the territory from the Capitalist market, and subsequently is also the liberation of ourselves as a People. This forces us transform said territorial space and the reconstruction of our own ways and practices; advancing from the reservation to our traditional Lov and Ayllarewe, to politically recreate our territorial identities as the base of the Mapuche Nation. That is to say, it is not just about reclaiming a physical space, but to transform it through Territorial Control.

 

The current Indigenous Law and the purchase land policy constitute an inverse process, which completely destroys our world and our organization. It is more destructive than the formation of the reservation through Treaty title; we are talking about the complete individualization of our People through the purchase of land to “Mapuche Neighbourhood Assemblies.” Unfortunately, the Capitalist logic of private property is propelled by some, and hurries us into negotiations, into purchases and signing papers; that is, more submission.

 

rucananco lleu-lleuTerritorial Control, on the other hand is a slow and paced process that requires patience and sacrifice. It can be initiated with actions of resistance, such as the sabotage of forestry equipment and the expulsion of police forces (such as the cases of El Guairao, Las Huellas, etc.). It is continued with productive reclamation, that is, with harvest, the construction of traditional houses, the demarcation of guillatwe and paliwe, planting traditional medicines like rewe and guillatun. Finally, it is organized self-defense that allows the reconstruction to advance and maintain itself in Territorial Control.

It is due to all of this that a call to the communities becomes imperative, to continue the experiences of Territorial Control and stop the negotiations that seek our consolidation to the dominant economic system. It is necessary to generate more debate to stop corrupt and opportunist leadership that act like political agents of government and of the Capitalist system.

Wichan Info al Dia

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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Mapuche Political Prisoners Reach Agreement after 47 Days on Hunger Strike

Huelga de Hambre terminado       This past Friday, the Mapuche Political Prisoners that were on hunger strike in Angol prison (so-called southern Chile), reached an agreement with the Government, the Minister of Justice and Minister of Health.

The four Peñi [Brothers], two of which have been convicted and two of which are awaiting trial under judicial set-ups, therefore stopped the mobilization. Freddy Marileo, the spokesperson for the Mapuche Political Prisoners, explained that the agreement consisted in the transferring Peñi Luis Marileo and Cristian Melinao to the Centre for Study and Work (CET) of Angol, in less than 20 days.

On the other hand, the Peñi Claudio Huentecol and Miguel Toro, who remain in Angol prison, asked for an improvement in visiting hours and in case of conviction, they would be immediately transferred to the Centre for Study and Work of Angol.

The spokesperson stated that they “will remain alert in the case of continuing the mobilization. At this moment, there has not been a concrete agreement, which will only be solidified once the Peñi are transferred to the CET or all of our demands have been met.”

The hunger strike has thus come to an end, and the Mapuche Political Prisoners will be transferred to Victoria Hospital in order to stabilize their health and go through various medical checkups, after having lost between 12 and 20 Kg of weight during the 47 day hunger strike.

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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