3RD TORONTO MAPUCHE SOLIDARITY FILM FESTIVAL

Toronto Mapuche Solidarity Film Festival
3RD TORONTO MAPUCHE SOLIDARITY FILM FESTIVAL

In memory of our WEICHAFE [WARRIORS] MATIAS CATRILEO & ALEX LEMUN, & the many others who have been murdered by the repressive forces of the Chilean State.

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 27TH & SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28TH

OISE ROOM 5160 – 252 BLOOR STREET WEST

*ALL INTERNATIONAL FILMS WITH ENGLISH SUBTITLES*

Suggested donation $10 per day at the door (No one turned away for lack of funds)

Facebook event: https://www.facebook.com/events/1403603649942635

Organized by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]An OPIRG Toronto Action Group

Endorsed By: Mining Injustice Solidarity NetworkOPIRG TorontoNo More SilenceRising Tide Toronto

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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FRIDAY FEBRUARY 27TH, 2015:

OISE room 5160

Celebrating the 9th Anniversary of KANONHSTATON, the Six Nations of the Grand River Reclamation Site

 

6PM: RECEPTION/WELCOMING

  • With Chilean Empanadas (Vegan Options available)

 

6:30PM: THE EXCLUSIVE PREMIER SCREENING OF

 

MY NEIGHBOUR: THE THERMOELECTRIC PLANT, Chile 2010 [45 minutes]

 

An eye opening documentary on the establishment of three thermoelectric plants in fisherman’s town “Caleta Lo Rojas” of Coronel, located the southern regions of so-called Chile. The film depicts the plants, which are located in the middle of residential neighbourhoods, being rigorously protested by members of the community, whom have developed a series of health and environmental concerns over their presence. Featuring exclusive footage depicting the conflict between members of the community against energy giant ENDESA Inc, and repressive police forces.

 

7:30PM: SIX NATIONS DOCUMENTARY SHORTS. Featuring MISSY ELLIOT directly from Six Nations of the Grand River Territory, and others introducing the films.

 

DAY ZERO: THE OPP RAID ON KANONHSTATON, Six Nations of the Grand River Territory 2006, [45 minutes].

 

The film depicts an on-the-ground view of Six Nations community members responding to the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) raid on the Six Nations Reclamation site of Kanonhstaton (The Protected Place), next to the small town of Caledonia, Ontario, on April 20th 2006. It is an authentic look at the resilience of indigenous community mobilization in the midst of police and State repression.

 

INSIDE THE OCCUPATION, Six Nations of the Grand River Territory 2006, [30 minutes].

 

Further examining the reasons behind the Six Nations Reclamation of the Douglas Creek Estates [Kanonhstaton], the documentary short explores the history behind the Haldimand track and treaty process, political relationship between Six Nations, the Crown and the Canadian Governments, as well as the ongoing tensions between settlers and indigenous peoples in Caledonia, ON.

 

9PM: NGÜENÉN. THE DECEIT, Wallmapu 2012 [75 minutes]

 

See trailer: http://vimeo.com/67594071

 

A documentary made by the directors of “El Despojo” (The Plunder) focusing on the international political dynamics of the “War on Terror,” and the counterintelligence strategies used to criminalize the Mapuche struggle for Autonomy and Territorial Reclamation.

 

Chilean Prosecutor, Mario Elgueta, whom was the alleged victim of an annihilating attack in southern Chile, was also a student in an FBI and CSIS antiterrorist course in Virginia USA. Later, the events became grounds for 17 Mapuche land defenders to face trial under the Antiterrorist Law, at first risking a total of up to 800 years in prison; four bicentennials on the backs of those who oppose the arrogance of the Chilean State. A must see film on the ongoing criminalization of the indigenous Mapuche struggle.

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SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28TH:

OISE room 5160

 

4PM: THE EPIC CUBAN CLASSIC

 

I AM CUBA, Cuba (ICAIC) 1964 [140 minutes]

See Trailer here: http://www.imdb.com/video/screenplay/vi3666870553

Hidden away in the Soviet and Cuban archives for three decades, Mikhail Kalatov’s masterpiece “I Am Cuba” is a celebration of the Cuban Revolution’s uprising in an epic tale through both the sensuous decadence of Batista’s Havana and the grinding poverty and oppression of the Cuban people. Sergei Urusevsky’s astonishingly acrobatic camera captures wild, panoramic scenes reminiscent of Cuba’s golden age of socialist realism on film, succeeding in evoking empathy for the struggles of the characters and their often desperate situations.  In four stories of the revolution the viewer is taken on a rapturous roller-coaster ride of bathing beauties and rich Americans juxtaposed with ramshackle slums, depicting the struggle of landless peasants,  and student revolutionaries against fascist police.

 

6:30PM: ROQUE DALTON. LET’S SHOOT THE NIGHT, El Salvador/Austria 2013 [86 minutes]

 

See trailer here: http://vimeo.com/83875108

 

“Roque Dalton, let’s shoot the night!” is a poetic documentary on the life of the renowned Salvadorian poet (1935 – 1975). His life: a novel of adventures. His poetry: the explosion of sparks between political utopia and enthusiasm, between revolutionary conviction and obsession for heresy. Sentenced to death by the Salvadorian dictatorships for subversive activities, Roque Dalton managed to escape execution twice, living in exile within Mexico, Hungary and especially Cuba, where the revolutionary government allowed for the greater development of his works.

 

Roque assisted in giving rise to the first guerilla groups in El Salvador, including the People’s Revolutionary Army (ERP). However, he was then the victim of fractionalism and divisions, which led to his assassination at the hands of his own comrades, circumstances that remain unclear even today. The film presents the testimonies and memories of friends, family and comrades in arms, recreating the Daltonian path towards decolonization of words, fully aware that decolonization cannot fully by achieved with solely the written word, as was Roque Dalton’s legacy.

 

8PM: THE TREASURE OF THE ANDES. BARRICK GOLD & THE PLUNDER OF PASCUA LAMA, Chile 2011

 

See trailer here: http://tu.tv/videos/el-oro-de-pascualama-trailer-document

SAKURA SAUNDERS to speak from the Mining Injustice Solidarity Network on the impacts of Barrick Gold in Latin America.

Gold extinguishes water and contaminates all the products necessary for its extraction. Gold despises everything, except the dream it embodies. From the plains of the valley of El Guasco, the stage of the Atacama Desert (the driest dessert in the world), the film explores the environmental, social and political damages and repercussions of Canadian mining giant, Barrick Gold Corp’s Pascua Lama gold mine. Interviewing local community members, indigenous Diaguita peoples, environmental experts, politicians and the very executives of Barrick Gold themselves, questioning the company’s environmental expertise as well as their political and economic alliances.

 

Presented by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

For more information, visit https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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Hector Llaitul pushes for Parole unto Concepcion Court of Appeals

Concepcion Court of Appeals

Concepcion Court of Appeals

The leader of the Arauco Malleco Cordinator is soliciting the Concepcion Court of Appeals to revoke the decision made by the parole board, which denied his claim last Novemeber.

The claim was made by defense attorney, Omar Castillo, in representation of Hector Llaitul, who is currently serving time for the alleged attack against State Prosecutor, Mario Elgueta, in 2008.

The legal action was taken by the Court of Appeals of Concepcion, which then immediately solicited a report from the Parole board. The solicitation’s 24 hour dealine will then be promptly be followed by a ruling.

The main argument to revoke the current verdict is the fact that the judges were not unanimous in reaching a resolution. It should be noted that Judges Matilde Esquerre and Raul Martines were in favour of granting parole, since they condiered that Llaitul complied with all the requirements necessary for parole.

However, the Majority vote indicated that it was necessary to continue his strict supervision, as carried out through the Gendarmerie, in order to truly asses the good behavior Llaitul would need to regain his freedom.

The CAM leader currently has the benefit of weekend release, while Ramon Llanquileo, whom was also convicted for his alleged participation in the attack against Prosecutor Elgueta, managed to obtain parole this past November.

In the case that the Appeals Court of Concepcion rejects the current claim, the Defense could resort to the Supreme Court for a definitive verdict.

Mapu Express

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]
https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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Ts’ka7 Warriors Burn Down Imperial Metals Ruddock Creek Mine Bridge

fire-handWarrior Publications received the following communique:

Secwepemc Ts’ka7 Warriors deactivate Imperial Metals Ruddock Creek mine road.
International Statement, October 14, 2014

With much discussion with Elders Councils and around Sacred fires and ceremonies the Secwepemc Ts’ka7 Warriors have acted out their collective responsibility and jurisdiction to and in the Ts’ka7 area by deactivating the Imperial Metals Ruddock Creek mine road.

Imperial Metals Corporation never asked for or received free, prior and informed consent to operate in Secwepemc Territory.  The Imperial Metals Mount Polley mine disaster, in the area known as Yuct Ne Senxiymetkwe, the absolute destruction and devastation of our Territory has never been answered for.  No reparations have been made.    Instead Imperial Metals continues to force through another mine in our Territory while criminalizing the Klabona Keepers of the Tahltan Nation also exerting their jurisdictional and withholding consent from the same company.


The Ts’ka7 (Tumtum Lake Area) area is a Sacred and important area for the Secwepemc.  These are our Sacred Headwaters where the glaciers meet and melt and have fed the creeks and rivers in our Territory for thousands of years.  Our Kikye7e call this our food cupboards.  It is where we hunt, it’s where we harvest our food and our medicines.  It is the birthing grounds for our water and our salmon.  We live off this land.  Our land is our survival.  We need the land the land doesn’t need us.  Mother Earth carries on but it is our survival that is dependent on the land and the water.
The genocidal displacement of the Secwepemc from their Homelands through starvation, fear and assimilation by the state and industry being acted out by Imperial Metals stops now.  We are committed to the ongoing protection of our Territory.  Our salmon is sacred, our land is sacred, our Women are sacred, our water is sacred and we the Peoples, the rightful title holders are the decision makers and we will protect them.
Agreements made by elected chief and council do not have authority and do not represent us.  This is a warning to Imperial Metals Corporation:  Leave our Lands and do not come back.  This is a warning to the provincial government: You do not have jurisdiction on this Land to issue permits to any corporation.  This is a warning to investors (including the province), contractors, suppliers and subsidiaries:  Divest from Imperial Metals Corporation.  We the Secwepemc, united, will not allow Imperial Metals Corporation to continue. Secwepemc Law will prevail in our Territory.
Secwepemculecw wel me7 yews, wel me7 yews
Secwepemc Ts’ka7 Warriors

Warrior Publications

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

http//wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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Mapuche Community Member Killed Run Over by Estate Worker with Tractor

muere-comunero-mapuche-A1

Tractor used to kill José Mauricio Quintriqueo Huaiquimil, Oct 1st, 2014

Editor’s Note: The tragic murder of José Mauricio Quintriqueo Huaiquimil, was made in the context of a land reclamation supported by the CONADI (National Corporation for Indigenous Development), wherein reclamations of land are taken by the State institution and then privately distributed amoung community members in divided parcels of land. It has always been our position that this kind of reallocation of land does nothing more than to reallign Capitalism on our territories, and reaffirms the Chilean State’s jurisdiction on Wallmapu, thus does not allow for the Mapuche People’s true autonomy and sovereingty as a Nation. That said, the fact that José Quintriqueo was murdered during a reclamation condoned by a State institution like the CONADI speaks volumes to the kind of racist, colonial hatred that exists against the Mapuche People within the area. This especially when a worker of the Estate is capable of defending the very people, the Estate landlords, who exploit their labour by mercelessly killing a Mapuche community member. News in development. More to come.  WCCC [Toronto]

 

Mapuche Community Member Killed Run Over by Estate Worker with Tractor

A Mapuche community member was killed today when 20 indigenous peoples entered the Nilpe Estate, in the province of Araucania. In the middle of the scuffle, a worker of the Estate ran over him with a tractor, which would result in his death.

According to police, the victim is identified as 32 year old José Mauricio Quintriqueo Huaiquimil, who died when Mapuche entered the Estate without permission

“We are at the scene together with specialized personnel with the goal of establishing the causes and circumstances under which this occured,”said Officer Oscar Oettinger, quoted by the newspaper La Tercera.

The body of Quintriqueo was transfered to the Hospital of Galvarino, where it will then be transfered to medical legal services.

According to the site Soy Chile, police in Galvarino arrested the suspect that ran over the man, identified as José Cañete, who was left in custody and will face his bail hearing on Thursday.

Enrique Llanquileo, Werken [Spokesperson] of the Nilpe community, pointed out “We found ourselves on a visit to the Estate, in order to propose a land transfer to the CONADI. We were just verifying where we would be able to stay, and without provocation, this cannibal came and through the tractor against our Peñi [brother]. He could have killed many more.”

Along those line, he added: “We were just walking. We have always wanted to maintain open dialog, we don’t wear masks and always face things openly. We have occupied the Estate for a good two or three months. Yes we have it occupied, but we have never used violence. And this cannibal, because he wanted to keep his job, came and sent the tractor running. He killed him twice while dragging him. This is a murder.”

The Mapuche leader, José Naín, maintained that he was at the site, nonetheless, there had been no incidents since the two months the Nilpe community had occupied the site.

The Clinic

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Open Communique of the Rankilko Mapuche Community unto the Murder of Mapuche from Galvarino

The Rankilko Mapuche Community of the township of Ercilla communicates the following to public opinion:

We wish to express our most profound pain for the cowardly murder of our Mapuche brother, José Quintriqeo, of the town of Galvarino. We outright denounce this action and hope that the government does not limit itself or hidein denouncing this tragic and cowardly incident. We also hope that the government respond urgently to their legitimate political and territorial demads.

Rankilko Mapuche Community

Wallmapu, Ercilla

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

10702168_10205223086275677_8829790874444307621_n

Funeral procession, Thursday, Oct 2nd, 2014

Protests in Santiago regarding Mapuche murder

Protests in Santiago regarding Mapuche murder

 

 

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FOR THE RIGHT TO EXIST, RESIST & OVERCOME. $HILE: 130+ Years of Military Occupation in Mapuche Territory.

For the Right to Exist, Resist and Overcome
FOR THE RIGHT TO EXIST, RESIST & OVERCOME. $HILE: 130+ Years of Military Occupation in Mapuche Territory.

In Memory of the Fallen in the Permanent Uprising…

SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 27th @ OISE Rm 2211 – 252 Bloor Street West

@ 6PM: The Exclusive Film Screening of

NEWEN MAPUCHE, The Strength of the People of the Land. A documentary Film by Elena Varela [with English Subtitles]

@ 8PM: SPEAKING EVENT

*SPEACIAL GUEST SPEAKER DIRECTLY FROM THE WEST COAST, SO-CALLED BC* & MANY MORE!

(See below for details)

*Food by Donation*

Organized by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

Sponsored by: Rising Tide Toronto

https://www.facebook.com/RisingTideToronto/timeline

Sponsored by: OPIRG Toronto
http://www.opirgtoronto.org/

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September is the so-called “Mes de la Patria” (Month of the Fatherland) in the territory known as Chile, during which the 18th falls on the Day of Independence. Behind the flaming proud flag lies the usurpation and genocide of many peoples. Chile in its recent 204 year history stands on a territory named in Mapudungun, showing on its coat of arms and in its short life as an independent country from the Spanish Crown, symbols of another nation. They are symbols of the Mapuche Nation that we must rescue since they strengthen our history and life as millennial Peoples against the ongoing plunder of our territories.

This genocide has continued throughout the history of the Chilean State, both on the indigenous Peoples that preceded it and even its own people that struggled for the change of a new society. Displacement, persecution and plunder have been the symptoms of the shock doctrine that was, and is the implementation of the Capitalist Police State on our territories that was not exclusive of the Pinochet military dictatorship that began with the bloody Coup of September 11th, 1973. Many thousands were killed, tortured and disappeared throughout this long history, and the genocide continues today with the persecution of any who dare to resist the ongoing plunder of our Peoples, territories, indeed the shackles that hold us prisoner.

It is a story with similar ties and histories with the rest of Abya Yala and Turtle Island, in the incessant search for the conquering of resources, whether animal or mineral, propelled by an ideology of accumulation and repression.  A people that live on the whims of an unjust and criminally organized society should not celebrate the genocide of its own people.  This September, our people continue to struggle on the front lines, on the streets and in our reclaimed territories. The struggle is ever ongoing and this is our homage to them.

 

@ 6PM: NEWEN MAPUCHE: The Strength of the People of the Land. A Documentary by Elena Varela

[125 minutes, with English Subtitles]

The documentary “NEWEN MAPUCHE, the Strength of the People of the Land” recounts the struggle of the indigenous Mapuche communities in so-called southern Chile to reclaim their ancient territories and the many costs they face due to the repression of the Chilean government; specifically through charging their leaders through the Anti-Terrorist Law.

In this context, and unto the murder of young Mapuche Weichafe [Warrior] Alex Lemun, filmmaker Elena Varela embarks on a journey to tell the story of this Nation’s last 10 years of resistance. She compiles the data of various events, becomes acquainted with Mapuche leaders, prisoners and underground Warriors, who elaborate on why they struggle.

The Chilean State implements various strategies to detain the social movement while Elena registers the process, but is unaware that she is also being investigated and surveyed by State intelligence force. On May 7th, 2008, Elena is arrested under a judicial set-up during the filmmaking process and has all her material confiscated. Elena narrates her own personal and lived experience with political persecution.

@ 8PM: SPEAKING EVENT

*DIRECTLY FROM THE WEST COAST*

MIRANDA DICK: of the Secwepemc Womens’ Warriors Society to speak on the recent IMPERIAL METALS spill and ongoing indigenous resistance at the Yuct Ne Senxiymetkwe Camp.

VIVIANA AVILA – WCCC [Toronto]: On the current situation of the Mapuche and Anti-Authoritarian Political Prisoners in so-called $hile, including the current implementation of the Anti-Terrorist Law.

*DIRECTLY FROM SIX NATIONS OF THE GRAND RIVER TERRITORY*

MISSY ELLIOT: on the ongoing resistance and recent Six Nations occupation of Enbridge’s Line 9 Pipeline, scheduled to carry Tar Sands bitumen oil later this year.

CARRIE LESTER: From Six Nations of the Grand River Territory, Mohawk Nation, currently residing in Toronto, on the processes of nuclear uranium mining and its use for energy, and waste storage. She has been working alongside many affected communities by the nuclear industry including Durham, Port Hope, and Northern Saskatchewan with the Committee for Future Generations, where uranium is currently being mined in Canada.

MESSAGE FROM THE 32 COUNTY SOVEREIGNTY MOVEMENT OF IRELAND

POETRY, VIDEO CLIPS & MUCH MORE…

For more information on the Mapuche Indigenous Struggle visit: https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com/

 

 

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Unto the Threats of Power: No Silence or Complacency

lienzoporcasopompasssAugust 2014

Four years after the “Salamandra” police operative, otherwise known as “The [Chilean] Bombs Case,” the repressive tactics used by the police and the media continue to seek the imprisonment of our comrades, in a climate of Antiterrorist hysteria. The State tirelessly discloses its goal to seek revenge for the [Anarchist] “Bombs Case”, and against the various Court cases that have allowed our comrades to walk free.

The following is a text sent to our email on the resurrected phantom of the Anarchist Bombs case.

Four years after the repressive streak of the [Chilean Anarchist] Bombs Case, we do not forget our beloved comrades Monica and Francisco, who are currently held hostage by the Spanish State. We are not talking about a past struggle, but one that is ever present.

Unto the Threats of Power: No Silence or Complacency

Spread the revolt for the total liberation with all forms of struggle, and against all authority!!

In the last few weeks, we have seen through the media how the Powerful have initiated a new offensive against the Anti-Authoritarian/Anarchist community. Once again, we can see how the newspapers and news channels have propagated the idea of trapping those responsible for various arson attacks and explosions that have taken place since 2011. Alleged suspects are turned into convicts through the media, with the end of validating future repressive waves unto so-called “public opinion,”unleashing possible identities, accusations, and investigative lines.

This is not a new context considering the continuation of strategies that the Powerful have developed throughout history to annihilate all forms of radical expression and revolutionary struggle. Moreover, we have a recent case in 2010 that unleashed a mass media campaign that prepared the way to “Operation Salamandra” led by then Prosecutor Peña, through which many homes, social centres, squat houses were raided under charges for the alleged [Chilean Anarchist] “Bombs Case.” The accused spent a year in prison and ended up being absolved by the Courts due to lack of evidence.

Today, the enemy once again begins to mobilize their media mongrels and repressive forces to point out signs of governability and control unto the growing number of actions (which have included explosives and arson)  claimed by Anarchist groups and others claimed by those in power to have been allegedly done by groups of the same kind. Those in power have configured a scenario that promotes a kind of collective psychosis towards bomb blasts, at the same time that the media displays plausible police theories, both new and old, on the alleged identity of those responsible for these attacks, thereby socially necessitating their capture.

Resistance to police raids on the Sacco and Vanzetti squat

Resistance to police raids on the Sacco and Vanzetti squat

This media display and its correlating subsequent repression – with meetings between high intelligence authorities, the Executive power, State prosecution, and the police – have had their eyes focused on the string of attacks that have taken place during the months of May and June, 2014 (claimed by anarchist groups), and more recently on the bomb that exploded in the middle of July on a subway train during late operating hours (which NO group has claimed), among other cases. But beyond this recent contingency, those in power and their intelligence apparatus had already reactivated their media offensive through the arrest of comrades Monica Caballero and Francisco Solar in November 2013 [(the two former accused under the Chilean Anarchist Bombs case)], accused of placing explosive artifacts against various churches.

Anarchist Comrade Tarama Sol Vergara undergoing trial

Anarchist Comrade Tarama Sol Vergara undergoing trial

Later allegations of police conjectures continued after the death of comrade Sebastian Oversluij in December 2013 during a bank expropriation, which later was also brought on by the arrest of Tamara Sol, whom shot a bank guard in January 2014, as well as with judicial circus and conviction of the comrades accused under the “Security Case”.

Who looks for the enemy today? Simple, we only have to look at the mass media and its role as the spokesperson for those in power. What those in power seek is to plant the idea that behind the latest attacks there are mainly comrades that are already being investigated or have been previously accused (such as with the Anarchist “Bombs Case”) that have continued being active and in solidarity with prisoners of this social war.

The enemy seeks to validate the idea that revolutionary solidarity is the same as placing explosive artifacts, and that anarchist struggle is only sustained through bombs, therefore anyone who is active in the struggle could very well be persecuted. In order to achieve this, the representatives of those in power modify the Antiterrorist Law to amplify its repressive grasp with undercover agents and other intelligence techniques that are characteristic of police control over drug trafficking.

As we have already stated, revolutionary experience throughout history demonstrates that these kinds of tactics are part of the various methods used by agents of power to neutralize and annihilate movements, as well as communities of struggle that propagate rebellion against the existing system of domination. This would stop the extension of the conflict against Power towards other areas of struggle, and the propagation of other ideas and practices of liberation throughout various areas of society.

Nevertheless, the incarceration of comrades and the attack of a collective community of struggle is what us being sought after in the short term.

Unto this, our position is not to victimize ourselves, nor is it to clean the image of the Anti-authoritarian offensive, or anarchist “ideology” in fact. Nor is it to allow ourselves to be subdued by silence and complacency leaving open ground for those who wish to make society into a graveyard of obedience, resignation and cowardice.

We call out to all anti-authoritarian comrades to take on this context with a collective perspective; unto the steps led by those in power, let us forward our solidarity with our comrades that are being singled out by the media and defend our positions of struggle with all the means at our reach. The Anti-authoritarian struggle does not create hierarchy between comrades nor means of struggle, for which every gesture, as small as it may appear to be, could help in stopping the encirclement of those in power. Stopping them by proposing Anti-authoritarian ideas, values, and practices that clearly identify the enemy.

This war is against Power, which today is sharpened with the continuity of struggle and rebellion that unites so many Anarchist and Revolutionary comrades in history, as well as in the present. We are called to action unto the attack of our ideas and comrades in struggle in this as well as distant territories, combating annihilation and the desire to become detached from the current reality.

Let silence and complacency not leave the door open for repression. Today is when we demonstrate what we are really made of in this struggle.

To propagate the Anti-Authoritarian offensive in various ways against all forms of authority.

Some relentless Anarchists

Publicaciones Refractario

Distributed by: The Women’s Coordinating Committee for a Free Wallmapu [Toronto]

https://wccctoronto.wordpress.com

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Responding to Repressive State Measures: The Fight for Autonomy and Territory

"Mapuche Reclaimed Territory." Part of the active land reclamations carried out by the Autonomist Mapuche movement.

“Mapuche Reclaimed Territory.” Part of the active land reclamations carried out by the Autonomist Mapuche movement.

We must begin by categorically reaffirming that this dispute is not over extensions of land – that is the concept of land as a commodity – but the reclamation and struggle to regain a way of life, an understanding of how to conceptualize the world and how to live accordingly. It is for a social and cultural form of organization. It is here where the concept of territory becomes effective, conceiving beyond its geographical specificity; is the place of traditions, histories, symbols, worldview, norms, dreams, and utopias. Certainly, this was the way things were understood by our ancestors, in the days of Reche and Mapuche reaffirmation; it is where culture and identity is constructed, where there is the reproduction of relationships that establish a social fabric, a worldview, an AD MAPU ADMONGEN KA. It is the projection of our people towards a better future.

Therefore, the defense and reclamation of our territory is the defense of our identity and its political structures, which is cultural, spiritual, and religious. It is the form taken by our people to reproduce materially, based on the land, understanding the relationship between humans and the environment.

It is for this reason that today, the conflict should be directed primarily against the real exploiters, those who directly undermine the Mapuche material and spiritual world. Today they are represented by the plunderers, the forestry companies, the conservative landowners. The struggle is also against the State and its legal and political institutional framework, while listed as protector of the interests of dominant groups.

Second, we must continue to establish the real situation that we live in today as a Mapuche Nation. In this regard we noted that what characterizes the relations of our people are that of domination, oppression and dependence on the State, a situation that began 130 years ago with the occupation of Wallmapu through armed violence. It is thereby, a relationship based on the subjection of a territorial system whereby plunder continues on a structural basis; the imposition of liberal norms regarding the law and property rights, as well as our forced integration to Chilean society, especially through education. Therefore, it is a relationship where our fundamental rights as indigenous people is, understood is denied in its entirety; that is the social, political and cultural construct of our society.

Third, we should note that domination and oppression we suffer from today is partly due to what is known as “Neoliberal governance,” which repositions the conservatives to take the lead in this country once again. That is, the local elites are those who exert the power of domination. In regards to the conflict, we are referring to the forestry companies and other private interest groups (such as large estate landowners) who through the media have generated real campaigns against our people, to the point of assigning the term “internal enemy”. Indeed the forestry companies, landowners and the media are aligned against the Mapuche cause and pressure the Chilean government to develop containment strategies, such as repression, criminalization, persecution and disruption of our Peoples’ most consequent expressions of struggle for territorial and political reclamation.

Articulated in these two large economic groups (i.e. forestry companies and large estate landlords) are the right-wing media, conservative intellectuals and most of the political parties in the “Alliance for Chile” Coalition and “The New Majority.”

arton769-485e8In this regard, we understand that the media’s influence is most definitely not minor (i.e. major newspapers such as El Mercurio, La Tercera, La Segunda), which have fulfilled their objectives  in stigmatizing and exacerbate the image of the “violent” Mapuche as terrorists that are funded and have international links. These mass media outlets have manipulated and manufactured information to the point of creating setups. They are responsible for the promotion and polarization of the conflict, as well as ultimately giving credit and coverage to all reactionary and conservative views of this country; in all, creating a true axis of power that expose the positions and discourse of the political class, intellectuals and government.

This is the way the State confronts the Mapuche movement that seeks to reorganize itself and struggle for our rights.“Neoliberal governance” is thus imposed, that with this new government only seeks to aim towards multiculturalism, continuing welfare state policies of integration and repression, criminalizing the Mapuche cause.

However, we must also understand that Neoliberal States are unstable and are therefore vulnerable to social unrest. Thus, they are forced to develop strategies for control and domination by creating a series of social mechanisms, developing devices for counterinsurgency, policies for criminalization and the production and/or fabrication of an internal enemy.

956-5Indeed, at present there is a strong challenge to the relations of the Chilean State with Mapuche Nation. The conflict has caused a crisis in the relationship. That is how the dominance of Power has understood has understood it, and is why the State has readjusted its strategies in the context of Social Counterinsurgency, using a multicultural model to lay out its plans, policies and how the distribution of land is to be set.

It is in this context that one must understand the social policies and programs as essential for the reproduction of the status quo. They are made ​​to disguise the predatory regime of accumulation, based on the appropriation and plunder of Mapuche land. The aim is to block the conflict to facilitate the accumulation of capital, which is maintained through the management of trading clients and welfare based on state subsidies.

These multicultural and social programs are aimed at promoting participation of indigenous peoples as a way to remedy the exclusion they have been submitted to. However, the trend is clear and points towards assimilation and integration, whereby an absorbing effect takes place in assimilating ethnic identities within the framework of “representative democracy,” and of course towards neoliberal economic growth. The multicultural character of “identity building.” Nonetheless presents obvious structural limitations and that are part of a strategy that legitimizes the current system. Therefore, these strategies are used only as tactics of social insurgency, which in the Mapuche case are aimed towards a potential social support base and are focused towards the most consequent of its anti-systemic positions, such as the CAM.

MORE ON STRATEGIC STATE INITIATIVES

In order to understand State intervention more accurately in this new socio/political scenario, it is necessary to analyse the various initiatives that have been more strategic in isolating the Mapuche movement.

Firstly, there are many references to various legislative and indigenous rights reforms in existence, Constitutional reforms and international conventions that have been signed, such as Convention 169 of the ILO. That said, Chile is one of the most backward countries for its conservative nature; the prevalence of the Indian Act is indicative of its backwardness in regards to rights, since we are not even recognized as a nation.

454492_400There are different positions regarding Constitutional recognition, depending on the area that is assumed about Mapuche reality. Ideally, for the most recalcitrant, fascist, racist section of the Right, the idea of the Mapuche being physical exterminated would be the solution to a national problem. The other section of the Right insists in ignoring internationally recognized indigenous rights, arguing for the concept of the Nation State and being Chilean. For the newly renovated “Concertación Coalition,” now called “New Majority,” the aim is for multicultural recognition but through small and insufficient reforms in the framework of the current Constitution, so as to not affect the current model of neoliberal governance; a very comfortable position to take. This is a goal shared by most Mapuche organizations in recent times and as a result of the advancing processes of community struggle, especially those who claim the right to self-determination, thus continuing the legalistic and institutional interest of the State and the powerful interest groups. However, there is another position that we have proposed as the CAM, which is more coherent and consistent with the approach for autonomy and anti-systemic liberation; it is based on its construction in practice, and will struggle for it in various ways stated previously.

Secondly, regarding the issue of CONSENT or the right to consultation, participation and political representation; it is well known that consent has not had been held to account, especially regarding issues of development, territorial investments and/or infrastructure projects, which under current circumstances are held under Capitalist order. Only the Indian Act allows for a slight possibility of participation, but within the wider scope of things is practically nothing.

In this regard, we should note that recent announcements by the Executive branch of government in relation to establishing consent according to Convention 169, will most likely be through these same pre-established legalistic limits, and thus become obsolete in its effectiveness.

Third, there have been various development programs announced to build culture and identity, which is nothing more than the continuation of Indian policy that has been applied for almost two decades by the “democratic” governments that have focused on achieving “social integration within the coexistence of a rule of law.” Essentially, it is the forced integration embarked within the “Origins Program” as a model for understanding indigenism with a clear mitigating and containment factors in managing the material needs of Mapuche communities.

ConflictomapucheFourth, there are the dialogue and negotiation initiatives taking place in order to establish a relationship with the State. In this regard we should note that since the outbreak of the Mapuche Movement, there have been a number of these initiatives which have not gotten anywhere, except to ensure the so-called “social peace” that is sought by interest groups in conflict zones. We should remember the “Community Dialogues” initiative, or the indigenous development plan, various negotiation tables and the notorious Commission on Truth and a New Deal, among others. All of which have been proposals that have not derived more than very basic and inadequate welfare policies. It is needless to say that the CAM never participated in these events, due to both self- defining terms, as well as the lack of political will by the authorities to recognize our expression as valid partners to solve the conflict. The reason is simple; the CAM does not dialogue based on the basis of crumbs or deceit. Today once again, there is talk to establish dialogue with all sectors within the Mapuche Movement but the CAM and the autonomous movement Mapuche continue to be ignored, because the State insists on only recognizing claims of a social, economic or cultural nature; not in terms of political rights. Precisely because we know they will refuse to recognize these political rights, we will continue to raise the issue of self-determination and autonomy.

Finally, we will address the government policy of giving back land, which is the breaking point in the relationship between the State and our Mapuche People. In fact, it is the reason for the current conflict, and has developed a crisis of governance in Wallmapu.

To reaffirm our proposal, the fact remains that when there are conflicts over land there are several ways that allow for its solution, depending on the positions and the interests that have developed. There is a State route for land redistribution based on expropriation. In fact, there is a law in Chile for this very reason, which took root during the 60’s and early 70’s and contributed to the reconfiguration of the territorial map, benefiting the peasantry as a whole and partial Mapuche demands. However, this is the legal State route, and therefore represents the continuity of ideological colonialism, both structurally and symbolically, which does not represent us.

Therefore, we as the CAM have proposed a type of distribution based on direct action, mainly through productive land reclamation. We do not recognize State legalism and its institutions. This implies taking greater leaps, since we are engaged in the active reclamation of the land and its resources generating real changes. This is what we have covered extensively, and is known as the experience of territorial control as the way to reconfigure the territory and lay the foundations for autonomy. This also means understanding that communities are able to counteract the pressures of Capitalist interests and the integrationist policies of the Chilean government. Not to do so would vitally contradict the process of accumulating strength, due to the way in which the struggle is fought; whether it be expropriation  or under the logic of the market, these methods weaken the autonomists processes would cause a setback on the road to national liberation. Not only because we would continue being submitted under the framework of the system, but also because of the dependencies that develop with institutions and the market.

Unto the expropriations and experiences of territorial control, the State or rather “Neoliberal Governance,” and successive governments, also have a third way; the redistribution of land market through market assistance; i.e. within the framework of the Capitalist system. It is the route that goes in tandem with the neoliberal economic model, which in turn can reduce or eliminate pressure on governments to expropriate. Moreover it is the way of dealing with land reclamation struggles that are based on direct action, seeking to transform and bring about real change in the structures of domination as suggested by the CAM.

Even at present, the “New Majority” Coalition government insists on using the market, where the solution is to buy and not to expropriate. It is a type of policy that involves redistribution based on the will of an individual to sell, meaning that the system protects private property and a type of trade that is subjected to the discretion of an owner through commercial activity. Speculation can take place in relation to land. Indeed, the owners are forestry companies, large estate landowners or farmers, and may raise land prices, earning exorbitant profits in a commercial process that can become long and tedious; sometimes unworkable and have even led to acts of corruption.

No doubt this has been the most harmful State policy to achieve the containment of the conflict and is related to the strategy established for land transfer. Beyond being a way that promotes and defends the Neoliberal Capitalist economic model, it has had a boomerang effect for those in power. With the aim of containing the conflict, it has allowed for the ethno/cultural disarticulation of Mapuche communities within the territory; from the moment when the National Corporation of Indigenous Development (CONADI) intervenes in the land claims process, the land may be transferred to other communities in different areas which in recent times has been widely opposed by the majority of Mapuche Movement. This is simply the cost for an oppressive State that uses land as part of a social counterinsurgency strategy. Therefore we must understand these three-pillars used by those in power to manage the Mapuche Movement during the period new government; first, to deliver a few more resources through various social welfare programs and maintaining the policy of conditionally handing back land. Second, they will put more pressure to further politically isolate autonomist Mapuche expressions through State policies, for which they can count on the reaction of conservative public opinion. Third, the implementation of social and symbolic counterinsurgency, which means the militarization of the conflict zones, broad and selective repression, and the criminalization involved in exacerbated legal punishment, allowing for more political prison.

Unto this current ongoing process, we have the permanent dilemma of which way to go; the autonomist and insubordinate route of no negotiation or the route of assimilation to market logic. In such a scenario we conclude, continue the resistance and reconstruction our nation Mapuche people.

Marrichiweu!

 

Hector Llaitul Carrillanca

Mapuche Political Prisoner CAM

 

El Manzano Prison, July 2014

 

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